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Firewood Collections and Economic Growth in Rural Nepal 1995-2010: Evidence from a Household Panel

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  • Baland, Jean-Marie
  • Libois, Francois
  • Mookherjee, Dilip

Abstract

A household panel data set is used to investigate the effects of economic growth on firewood collection in Nepal between 1995 and 2010. Results from preceding cross-sectional analyses are found to be robust: (a) rising consumptions for all but the top decile were associated with increased firewood collections, contrary to the Poverty-Environment hypothesis; (b) sources of growth matter: increased livestock was associated with increased collections, and falling household size, increased education, non-farm business assets and road connectivity with reduced collections. Nepal households collected 25% less firewood over this period, mostly explained by falling livestock, and rising education, connectivity and out-migration.

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Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 9394.

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Date of creation: Mar 2013
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:9394

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Keywords: deforestation; Environmental Kuznets Curve; growth; Nepal;

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  1. Adhikari, Bhim & Di Falco, Salvatore & Lovett, Jon C., 2004. "Household characteristics and forest dependency: evidence from common property forest management in Nepal," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 245-257, February.
  2. Magnus Hatlebakk, 2009. "Explaining Maoist control and level of civil conflict in Nepal," CMI Working Papers 10, CMI (Chr. Michelsen Institute), Bergen, Norway.
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