Schooling Inequality, Crises, and Financial Liberalization in Latin America
AbstractLatin America is characterized by high and persistent schooling, land, and income inequalities and extreme income concentration. In a highly unequal setting, powerful interests are more likely to dominate politics, pushing for policies that protect privileges rather than foster competition and growth. As a result, changes in policies that political elites resist may be postponed in high-inequality countries to the detriment of overall economic performance. This paper examines the relationship between structural, high inequality—measured by high levels of schooling inequality—and liberalization of the financial sector for a sample of 37 developing and developed countries for the period 1975 to 2000. Liberalization of the financial sector can be broadly thought of in the Latin American pre-2000 context as opening credit markets that earlier were largely restricted, including by ending directed credit. For our measure of structural inequality we use data on schooling Gini coefficients that have not previously been used in this context. In our sample, we find that increases in financial liberalization were associated with bank crises and other domestic and external shocks, and that higher schooling inequality reduces the impetus for liberalization brought on by bank crises.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Center for Global Development in its series Working Papers with number 165.
Length: 25 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2009
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Web page: http://www.cgdev.org
Latin America; education; inequality; financial liberalization;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2009-05-02 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEV-2009-05-02 (Development)
- NEP-EDU-2009-05-02 (Education)
- NEP-HRM-2009-05-02 (Human Capital & Human Resource Management)
- NEP-LTV-2009-05-02 (Unemployment, Inequality & Poverty)
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- Qazi Muhammad Adnan Hye & Shahida Wizarat, 2011. "Impact of financial liberalization on agricultural growth: a case study of Pakistan," China Agricultural Economic Review, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 3(2), pages 191-209, May.
- Qazi Muhammad Adnan Hye, 2011. "Financial development index and economic growth: empirical evidence from India," Journal of Risk Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 11(2), pages 98-111, February.
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