The Economic Effects of Replacing the Property Tax with a Sales or Income Tax:A Computable General Equilibrium Approach
AbstractWith the most recent wave of property tax restructuring in the U.S., policy makers have considered the possibility of replacing the property tax. In this analysis we use data for Indiana and a short-run computable general equilibrium model to examine the effects of replacing the property tax with a sales or income tax. We find that replacing the property tax with a sales or income tax has a relatively small effect on aggregate economic variables. Aggregate output in the state decreases by 2 to 3 percent. Larger effects are apparent when analyzing household groups and industry sectors. Replacing the property tax with a sales or income tax decreases household income by over three percent with the income tax being most regressive. Replacing the property tax has a negative effect on sales revenue for most industry sectors with retail sales and several other sectors experiencing large (over five percent) decreases.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Ball State University, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 201008.
Length: 40 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2010
Date of revision: Jun 2010
property tax; sales tax; income tax; computable general equilibrium models;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- H71 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
- C68 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computable General Equilibrium Models
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ACC-2010-06-11 (Accounting & Auditing)
- NEP-ALL-2010-06-11 (All new papers)
- NEP-PBE-2010-06-11 (Public Economics)
- NEP-URE-2010-06-11 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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