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Stabilisation, Policy Targets and Unemployment in Imperfectly Competitive Economies

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  • George J. Bratsiotis
  • Christopher Martin

Abstract

This paper argues that the rate of equilibrium unemployment depends on the objectives of the central bank. In a model where the central bank uses monetary policy to stabilize the economy, the authors show that unemployment and inflation will be lower with an inflation target than with targets for output, money, or nominal GDP. The intuition for this is that the elasticities of demand in both the product and the labor markets are greater when there is an inflation target; they show that this leads to a lower mark-up of price over marginal cost and makes wages more sensitive to unemployment. Copyright 1999 by The editors of the Scandinavian Journal of Economics.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Economics and Finance Section, School of Social Sciences, Brunel University in its series Economics and Finance Discussion Papers with number 98-08.

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Handle: RePEc:bru:bruedp:98-08

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Postal: Brunel University, Uxbridge, Middlesex UB8 3PH, UK

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Cited by:
  1. Vincenzo Cuciniello, 2009. "The welfare effect of foreign monetary conservatism with non-atomistic wage setters," Working Papers 200908, Center for Fiscal Policy, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne.
  2. Pereau, Jean-Christophe & Sanz, Nicolas, 2008. "Unemployment and monetary policy with large price setters and free entry," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 70-74, January.
  3. repec:onb:oenbwp:y::i:63:b:1 is not listed on IDEAS
  4. Larsson, Anna, 2011. "On labour mobility and the neutrality of money in unionised economies," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 28(1), pages 396-403.
  5. Jordahl, Henrik & Laseen, Stefan, 2005. "Central bank conservatism and labor market regulation," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 21(2), pages 345-363, June.
  6. Jordahl, Henrik & Laséen, Stefan, 1999. "Central Bank Conservatism and Labor Market Reform," Working Paper Series 1999:23, Uppsala University, Department of Economics.
  7. Markus Knell, 2002. "Wage Formation in Open Economies and the Role of Monetary and Wage-Setting Institutions," Working Papers 63, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank).
  8. Phillip Lawler & Jonathan James, 2005. "Macroeconomic Shocks and Central Bank Disclosure Policy: Is increased Transparency Necessarily Beneficial?," Money Macro and Finance (MMF) Research Group Conference 2005 27, Money Macro and Finance Research Group.
  9. Bratsiotis, George J., 2008. "Influential price and wage setters, monetary policy and real effects," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 24(2), pages 503-517, June.
  10. Larsson, Anna & Zetterberg, Johnny, 2003. "Does Inflation Targeting Matter for Labour Markets? – Some Empirical Evidence," Working Paper Series 191, Trade Union Institute for Economic Research.
  11. Giovanni Di Bartolomeo & Patrizio Tirelli & Nicola Acocella, 2013. "Trend inflation as a workers’ discipline device," Empirica, Springer, vol. 40(2), pages 215-235, May.

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