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Why Reform Europe's Universities?

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Author Info

  • Philippe Aghion
  • Mathias Dewatripont
  • Caroline Hoxby
  • Andreu Mas-Colell
  • André Sapir

Abstract

Based on a survey of European universities, this policy brief states that despite the good performance of some countries, Europe as a whole trails the US by a wide margin. The reason is two-fold. First, Europe invests too little in higher education. Second, European universities suffer from poor governance, insufficient autonomy and often perverse incentives. If Europe is to be a leader in the global knowledge economy, comprehensive reform of higher education is the order of the day. Most countries should invest an extra one percent in higher education each year, and universities should be given more autonomy in budgets, hiring and remuneration.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Bruegel in its series Policy Briefs with number 34.

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Date of creation: Aug 2007
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Handle: RePEc:bre:polbrf:34

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Cited by:
  1. Heinz Hollenstein, 2013. "Wirtschaftliche Rahmenbedingungen als Element der Innovationspolitik," KOF Analysen, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich, vol. 7(2), pages 47-55, June.
  2. Karine Gauche & Ariel Eggrickx, 2012. "Pilotage de la recherche à l'université : premiers résultats d'une étude de cas enchâssés," Post-Print hal-00936651, HAL.
  3. Mauro Sylos Labini & Natalia Zinovyeva, 2009. "Stimulating Graduates' Research-Oriented Careers: Does Academic Research Matter?," Working Papers 2009-21, FEDEA.
  4. Karine Gauche & Ariel Eggrickx, 2012. "Pilotage de la recherche à l'université: premiers résultats d'une étude de cas enchâssés," Post-Print hal-00766939, HAL.
  5. Reinhilde Veugelers (ed.), 2009. "The Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System - Full Report," Books, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy, number 495.
  6. Andreas Bühn & Alexander Karmann, 2008. "Hochschulentwicklung in Sachsen : einige ordnungspolitische Gedanken," ifo Dresden berichtet, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 15(05), pages 38-42, October.
  7. Alex Coad, 2008. "Distance to Frontier and Appropriate Business Strategy," LEM Papers Series 2008/13, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
  8. Berbegal-Mirabent, Jasmina & Lafuente, Esteban & Solé, Francesc, 2013. "The pursuit of knowledge transfer activities: An efficiency analysis of Spanish universities," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 66(10), pages 2051-2059.
  9. Ana Hidalgo & Amparo Castelló-Climent, 2010. "Quality and Quantity of Education in the Process of Development," 2010 Meeting Papers 238, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  10. Meacci, Ferdinando, 2008. "The new Italian graduation system and the new institutions for raising university funds in Italy," MPRA Paper 13328, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 09 Feb 2009.
  11. Philippe Aghion & Mathias Dewatripont & Caroline M. Hoxby & Andreu Mas-Colell & André Sapir, 2009. "The Governance and Performance of Research Universities: Evidence from Europe and the U.S," NBER Working Papers 14851, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  12. Havas, Attila, 2011. "Multiple futures for higher education in a multi-level structure," MPRA Paper 38117, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  13. Jean-Luc Gaffard, 2011. "L’économie de l’enseignement supérieur et de la recherche. De la nécessité de marcher sur ses deux jambes," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/eu4vqp9ompq, Sciences Po.
  14. Reinhilde Veugelers & Frederick Van der Ploeg, 2008. "Reforming European Universities: Scope for an Evidence-Based Process," CESifo Working Paper Series 2298, CESifo Group Munich.
  15. Luc Bauwens & Giordano Mion & Jacques-François Thisse, 2011. "The resistible decline of European science," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 42681, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.

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