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The evolution of fuzzy multidimensional poverty in Mexico, 1994-2006

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  • Eduardo Morales-Ramos

Abstract

This article applies fuzzy set theory to measure three dimensions of poverty in Mexico: monetary poverty, non-monetary poverty of private goods and non-monetary poverty of public goods. By using those three dimensions, it is possible to build a joint membership to classify poverty in manifest, latent and non-poverty, which are computed for the three types of official poverty used in Mexico, for urban and rural areas and for the total of households and individuals in Mexico from 1994 to 2006. Moreover, confidence intervals are calculated for each estimation, which are used to establish if there are statistically significant changes along time. Results show that, although poverty in Mexico has diminished between 1994 and 2006, its evolution has been different according to the area and the type of poverty analyzed.

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File URL: http://www.banxico.org.mx/publicaciones-y-discursos/publicaciones/documentos-de-investigacion/banxico/%7B257B40BF-8BD0-9311-6820-C4B067861BCD%7D.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Banco de México in its series Working Papers with number 2009-04.

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Date of creation: Feb 2009
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Handle: RePEc:bdm:wpaper:2009-04

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Web page: http://www.banxico.org.mx
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Keywords: multidimensional fuzzy poverty; monetary poverty; non monetary poverty; manifest poverty; latent poverty;

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  1. Scotchmer, Suzanne, 2002. "Local public goods and clubs," Handbook of Public Economics, in: A. J. Auerbach & M. Feldstein (ed.), Handbook of Public Economics, edition 1, volume 4, chapter 29, pages 1997-2042 Elsevier.
  2. Atkinson, A B, 1987. "On the Measurement of Poverty," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 55(4), pages 749-64, July.
  3. Joseph Deutsch & Jacques Silber, 2005. "Measuring Multidimensional Poverty: An Empirical Comparison Of Various Approaches," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 51(1), pages 145-174, 03.
  4. François Bourguignon & Satya Chakravarty, 2003. "The Measurement of Multidimensional Poverty," Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer, vol. 1(1), pages 25-49, April.
  5. Duclos, Jean-Yves & Sahn, David & Younger, Stephen D., 2001. "Robust Multidimensional Poverty Comparisons," Cahiers de recherche 0115, Université Laval - Département d'économique.
  6. Foster, James & Greer, Joel & Thorbecke, Erik, 1984. "A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 761-66, May.
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