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Disuguaglianza dei redditi individuali e ruolo della famiglia in Italia


Author Info

  • Giovanni D'Alessio

    (Banca d'Italia)

  • Luigi Federico Signorini

    (Banca d'Italia)


The paper compares income inequality of households and individuals. Obviously, the latter is greater than the former; in fact households operate a broad redistribution of resources both between earners and non earners (children, unemployed, housewives), and between earners of unequal income. This redistribution, which partially reflects the different roles of the members of a household (i.e. between paid or unpaid work) has deep social and economic implications. The paper shows that the redistribution of income (from labour and from transfers) within the household is able to compensate for between 70 and 90 per cent of income inequality among individuals, depending on the statistical index used. However, the equalising effect of household redistribution is declining; while the income inequality of individuals has declined over time, that measured after household redistribution has taken place has remained almost constant.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area in its series Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) with number 390.

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Date of creation: Dec 2000
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Handle: RePEc:bdi:wptemi:td_390_00

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Related research

Keywords: income distribution; household; labour market;

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Cited by:
  1. Distaso, Alba, 2007. "Well-being and/or quality of life in EU countries through a multidimensional index of sustainability," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(1), pages 163-180, October.
  2. Gabriella Vindigni & Luri Peri & Paolo PROSPERI, 2011. "Problematiche aperte nell’analisi della povertà : questioni di misura e progressi nel raggiungimento degli Obiettivi del Millennio," Working Papers 268209, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, France.
  3. Carlo V. Fiorio, 2006. "Understanding Inequality Trends:Microsimulation Decomposition for Italy," STICERD - Distributional Analysis Research Programme Papers 78, Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines, LSE.
  4. Riccardo Massari, 2009. "Is income becoming more polarized Italy? A closer look with a distributional approach," Working Papers 1, Doctoral School of Economics, Sapienza University of Rome.
  5. Luca Dedola & Eugenio Gaiotti & Luca Silipo, 2001. "Money demand in the euro area: do national differences matter?," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 405, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.


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