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Oltre la scuola dell'obbligo. Un'analisi empirica della decisione di proseguire nell'istruzione post-obbligatoria in Italia


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  • Massimiliano BRATTI

    (Universit… di Milano, DEAS)


[ITALIANO] In questo paper viene analizzata la decisione di proseguire gli studi dopo il completamente della "scuola dell'obbligo" in Italia. Utilizzando i dati dell'Indagine sui Bilanci delle Famiglie Italiane (Banca d'Italia) sono stati stimati dei modelli di scelta binaria (probit e logit) al fine di evidenziare i fattori che hanno un maggior impatto sulla scelta di proseguire nell'istruzione postobbligo. La stima del modello economettico mostra che la tipologia degli individui con una minore probabilita' di proseguire sono quelli con una o piu' delle seguenti caratteristiche: residenza al sud, in citta' di grandi dimensioni, con padre privo di istruzione, lavoratore indipendente, nel settore agricolo e con madre con livello di istruzione inferiore alla licenza media superiore. Anche il reddito familiare influenza fortemente le scelte di istruzione soprattutto al centro-sud, dove i livelli di reddito sono piu' bassi. Le variabili legate al calcolo economico, il cui ruolo Š spesso enfatizzato dall'approccio mainstream alle scelte di istruzione, la teoria del capitale umano, non risultano significative nella decisione di proseguire nell'istruzione secondaria superiore nel contesto italiano, dove sembra essere dominante il ruolo dei fattori socio-familiari. [ENGLISH] In this paper we analyse the decision to continue in post-compulsory education in Italy. Using data from the Surrey of Housdxid income and Wealth (SHIW) of the Bank of Italy we estimate binary choice models (probit and logit) with the primary aim of investigating factors which affect the decision to continue in post-compulsory education. The estimates of the econometric model show that the individual with the smallest probability to continue in education has one or more of the following attibutes: residence in the South, in big towns, father without formal education, self-employed or working in the agricultural sector, mother with less than high secondary schooling (licenza media superiore). The role of family income in shaping educational decisions is especially important in Central and Sothem Italy, where income levels are lower. The economic variables whose role is emphasised by the mainstream approach to educational choices, the theory of human capital, turn out not to be significant in the explanation of post-compulsory schooling in Italy where social and long-term and short-term family factors appear to be dominant.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali in its series Working Papers with number 151.

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Length: 30
Date of creation: May 2001
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Handle: RePEc:anc:wpaper:151

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Keywords: capitale umano; istruzione; logit; probit;

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Cited by:
  1. Stefania BUSSOLETTI & Roberto ESPOSTI, 2004. "Regional Convergence, Structural Funds and the Role of Agricolture in the EU. A Panel-Data Approach," Working Papers 220, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
  2. Ugo Fratesi, 2003. "Innovation Diffusion and the Evolution of Regional Disparities," ERSA conference papers ersa03p327, European Regional Science Association.
  3. Elvio MATTIOLI, 2003. "The measurement of coherence in the evaluation of criteria and its effects or ranking problems illustrated using a multicriteria decision method," Working Papers 199, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
  4. Nicola MATTEUCCI & Alessandro STERLACCHINI, 2003. "ICT and Employment Growth in Italian Industries," Working Papers 193, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
  5. Massimiliano BRATTI, 2002. "Parents' Current Income, Long-term Characteristics and Children's Education: Evidence from the 1970 British Cohort," Working Papers 174, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
  6. Marcello MESSORI & Alberto ZAZZARO, 2004. "Monetary profits within the circuit: Ponzi finance oer "mors tua, vita mea"?," Working Papers 200, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
  7. Roberto ESPOSTI & Pierpaolo PIERANI, 2005. "Price, Private Demand and Optimal Provision of Public R&D in Italian Agriculture," Working Papers 238, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
  8. Renato BALDUCCI, 2005. "Public Expenditure and Economic Growth. A critical extension of Barro's (1990) model," Working Papers 240, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.


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