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Declining Orange Consumption in Japan: Generational Changes or Something Else?

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Author Info

  • Mori, Hiroshi
  • Clason, Dennis L.
  • Ishibashi, Kimiko
  • Gorman, William D.
  • Dyck, John H.

Abstract

Japan is a leading market for U.S. oranges. Since 1995, orange consumption in Japan has declined. This report summarizes an analysis of household survey data to assess various factors that may be related to the decline. Consumption of oranges in Japan differs markedly across generations, with younger generations (cohorts) eating fewer oranges than older generations. However, within generations, as individuals in Japan grow older, they eat more oranges. On balance, the effects on consumption associated with aging and birth cohort membership are mostly offsetting. Orange prices affect consumption levels, but household income does not. Even after the analysis accounts for price and demographic variables, a strong downward trend is evident in orange consumption in Japan. Results suggest that orange consumption could decline even more in the future.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service in its series Economic Research Report with number 55836.

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Date of creation: Feb 2009
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Handle: RePEc:ags:uersrr:55836

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Keywords: Japan; oranges; consumption; age/period/cohort analysis; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Institutional and Behavioral Economics;

References

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  1. Angus S. Deaton & Christina Paxson, 1994. "Saving, Growth, and Aging in Taiwan," NBER Chapters, in: Studies in the Economics of Aging, pages 331-362 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Angus Deaton & Christina Paxson, 2000. "Growth and Saving Among Individuals and Households," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 82(2), pages 212-225, May.
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Cited by:
  1. Ito, Kenzo & Dyck, John H., 2010. "Fruit Policies in Japan," Outlook Reports 92336, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.

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