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Comparative advantages and competitiveness of Hungarian and Slovenian agro-food trade in the EU markets


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  • Bojnec, Stefan
  • Ferto, Imre


The paper investigates comparative advantages and competitiveness of Hungarian and Slovenian agro- food trade in the EU markets. Applying a highly disaggregated trade dataset, we describe the pattern of agro- food trade in Hungary and Slovenia using the Balassa index. The extent of trade specialization exhibits a declining trend. Both countries have lost comparative advantage for a number of product groups over time. The indices of specialization have tended to converge. For particular product groups, the indices display greater variation. They are stable for product groups with comparative disadvantage, but product groups with weak to strong comparative advantage show significant variation. The price competition, quality competition and the one- way trade are also analyzed using extended [1] approach. In Hungarian matched two- way agro- food trade the prevalence is on successful price competition and on successful non- price or quality competition suggesting comparative advantages for Hungarian agro- food product s vis- àvis bilateral trading partners. In Slovenian matched two- way agro- food trade the prevalence is on the non- successful price competition and on the non- successful quality competition suggesting comparative trade disadvantages vis- à- vis bilateral trading partners .

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by European Association of Agricultural Economists in its series 98th Seminar, June 29-July 2, 2006, Chania, Crete, Greece with number 10069.

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Date of creation: 2006
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Handle: RePEc:ags:eaae98:10069

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Keywords: Comparative Advantage; Price Competition; Agro- Food Trade.; International Relations/Trade;


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Cited by:
  1. Jozsef Fogarasi, 2008. "Hungarian and Romanian Agri-Food Trade in the European Union," Management, University of Primorska, Faculty of Management Koper, vol. 3(1), pages 3-13.
  2. Qineti, Artan & Smutka, Lubos, 2011. "The Agrarian Trade Transformation in the Visegrad Countries," 2011 International Congress, August 30-September 2, 2011, Zurich, Switzerland 114781, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  3. Rodrigo García Arancibia, 2009. "Distribución y Movilidad de la Especialización Argentina en el Comercio Mundial de Agroalimentos: Un Estudio Dinámico," Revista de Economía y Estadística, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Instituto de Economía y Finanzas, vol. 0(1), pages 11-45, January.


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