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Zur Entwicklung der Vermögensungleichheit in Deutschland

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Author Info

  • Frick, Joachim R.
  • Grabka, Markus M.

Abstract

Einkommensungleichheit und relative Einkommensarmut dominieren seit langem die sozialpolitische Diskussion in Deutschland, während – auch aus Gründen eingeschränkter Datenverfügbarkeit – die personelle Vermögensverteilung vergleichsweise unzureichend erforscht ist. Der vorliegende Beitrag nutzt Mikrodaten des Sozio-oekonomischen Panels (SOEP) und stützt sich dabei auf individuelle Angaben zum Geld- und Sachvermögen der Jahre 2002 und 2007. Innerhalb dieses 5-Jahreszeitraums hat die Konzentration der Vermögen ebenso wie die der Einkommen deutlich zugenommen. Detaillierte Sozialstrukturanalysen belegen neben signifikanten Unterschieden in der Vermögensausstattung nach Migrationshintergrund, Bildung, Region und Einkommenslage eine ausgeprägte Lebenslaufabhängigkeit. Diese Querschnittsdimension wird auf Basis der Längsschnittdaten des SOEP erweitert um multivariate Regressionsanalysen, die neben der Relevanz des individuellen Erwerbs- und Einkommensverlaufs für den Vermögensaufbau auch die nachhaltige Bedeutung intergenerationaler Transmissionsmechanismen (insbesondere Erbschaften) für die individuelle Vermögensakkumulation und -mobilität belegen. -- For a long time, the social policy discussion in Germany has been heavily dominated by income inequality and poverty risk rates, while at the same time the analysis of personal wealth distribution was underdeveloped, last but not least due to a severe lack of appropriate data. Using representative micro data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP), this paper analyzes individual level information on net wealth for 2002 and 2007. This five year period saw a pronounced increase in both income and wealth inequality. More detailed analyses by SES reveal significant differences in wealth holdings by migration status, education level, region, income level as well as across age groups. This cross-sectional perspective is being enriched by panel analyses focusing on correlates of individual wealth holdings as well as on determinants of wealth mobility. Using a multivariate regression framework we find clear indication for the relevance of the individual employment and income career as well as a sustaining importance of intergenerational transmission (by means of bestowals and inheritance) for both wealth accumulation and mobility.

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File URL: http://econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/66148/3/Frick_2009_Entwicklung-Verm%C3%B6gensungleichheit-Deutschland.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by ZBW - German National Library of Economics in its journal EconStor Open Access Articles.

Volume (Year): (2009-12)
Issue (Month): ()
Pages: 577-600

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Handle: RePEc:zbw:espost:66148

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Keywords: Vermögensungleichheit; Vermögensmobilität; Vermögensakkumulation; SOEP; Wealth inequality; Wealth mobility; Wealth accumulation; SOEP; Inégalités de patrimoine; Mobilité du patrimoine; Accumulation du patrimoine; SOEP;

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Cited by:
  1. Manuel Melzer, 2012. "Die Verteilung von Vermögen. Eine Analyse der Länder USA, Italien, Spanien, Deutschland und Schweden," Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft - WuG, Kammer für Arbeiter und Angestellte für Wien, Abteilung Wirtschaftswissenschaft und Statistik, Kammer für Arbeiter und Angestellte für Wien, Abteilung Wirtschaftswissenschaft und Statistik, vol. 38(4), pages 715-748.

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