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Modelos de capital humano y segmentación: test y nueva evidencia


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  • Ricardo Paredes
  • Pilar Romaguera
  • Andras Uthoff


En este artículo se sugiere una forma para distinguir empíricamente entre dos hipótesis acerca del funcionamiento del mercado del trabajo: un mercado único versus mercados del trabajo segmentados. Sin recurrir a definiciones apriorísticas de lo que subyace a las teorías de segmentación, se aplican test de residuos que permiten, en una forma novedosa, abordar empíricamente el tema. Las conclusiones que se derivan del estudio son las siguientes: i) la evidencia empírica favorece a la teoría de segmentación, en particular aquella referida a mercados duales; ii) las diferencias de los retornos a variables asociadas al capital humano entre sectores no son despreciables, aún cuando para nuestro test resultan conservadoras y iii) a pesar de que la evidencia de segmentación no puede ser rechazada, ésta no se verifica cuando los segmentos se definen en términos de las ramas de actividad, lo que implica que los segmentos deben ser operacionales en términos de otras variables, que no están incluidas en las enc

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by University of Chile, Department of Economics in its journal Estudios de Economia.

Volume (Year): 14 (1987)
Issue (Month): 2 Year 1987 (December)
Pages: 335-372

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Handle: RePEc:udc:esteco:v:14:y:1987:i:2:p:335-372

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Cited by:
  1. Alberto Arenas de Mesa & David Bravo & Jere R. Behrman & Olivia S. Mitchell & Petra E. Todd, 2006. "The Chilean Pension Reform Turns 25: Lessons From the Social Protection Survey," NBER Working Papers 12401, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Claudio Sapelli, 1996. "Modelos para Pensar el Mercado de Trabajo: Una Revisión de la Literatura Chilena," Latin American Journal of Economics-formerly Cuadernos de Economía, Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 33(99), pages 251-276.
  3. Alberto Arenas de Mesa & Jere Behrman & David Bravo, 2001. "Characteristics of and determinants of the density of contributions in a Private Social Security System," Working Papers wp077, University of Michigan, Michigan Retirement Research Center.
  4. Rodrigo Cifuentes, 1995. "Reforma de los Sistemas Previsionales: Aspectos Macroeconómicos," Latin American Journal of Economics-formerly Cuadernos de Economía, Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 32(96), pages 217-250.


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