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Can Health Care Information Technology Save Babies?

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Author Info

  • Amalia R. Miller
  • Catherine E. Tucker

Abstract

Electronic medical records (EMRs) facilitate fast and accurate access to patient records, which could improve diagnosis and patient monitoring. Using a 12-year county-level panel, we find that a 10 percent increase in births that occur in hospitals with EMRs reduces neonatal mortality by 16 deaths per 100,000 live births. This is driven by a reduction of deaths from conditions requiring careful monitoring. We also find a strong decrease in mortality when we instrument for EMR adoption using variation in state medical privacy laws. Rough cost-effectiveness calculations suggest that EMRs are associated with a cost of $531,000 per baby’s life saved.

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File URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/pdfplus/10.1086/660083
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File URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/full/10.1086/660083
Download Restriction: Access to the online full text or PDF requires a subscription.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by University of Chicago Press in its journal Journal of Political Economy.

Volume (Year): 119 (2011)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 289 - 324

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Handle: RePEc:ucp:jpolec:doi:10.1086/660083

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Web page: http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/JPE/

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Cited by:
  1. Jeffrey S. McCullough & Stephen Parente & Robert Town, 2013. "Health Information Technology and Patient Outcomes: The Role of Organizational and Informational Complementarities," NBER Working Papers 18684, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Miller, Amalia R. & Tucker, Catherine, 2014. "Health information exchange, system size and information silos," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 28-42.
  3. David Dranove & Christopher Forman & Avi Goldfarb & Shane Greenstein, 2012. "The Trillion Dollar Conundrum: Complementarities and Health Information Technology," NBER Working Papers 18281, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Jason Chan & Anindya Ghose, 2012. "Internet's Dirty Secret: Assessing the Impact of Online Intermediaries on the Outbreak of Sexually Transmitted Diseases," Working Papers 12-07, NET Institute, revised Sep 2012.
  5. Tucker, C.E., 2012. "Institutions, competition and regulation: Intellectual property and innovation," Discussion Paper 2012-030, Tilburg University, Tilburg Law and Economic Center.

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