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Career Interruptions Following Childbirth

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Author Info

  • Even, William E

Abstract

The aggregate probability of ending a career interruption that begins at childbirth is shown to diminish rapidly with the length of the interruption. The empirical models estimated suggest that the decline can be explained by a combination of structural duration dependence, unobserved heterogeneity, and differences in observed characteristics. The probability of returning to employment for a group of women with identical observed characteristics is found to have an L-shaped distribution for the majority of the sample, suggesting that many women have a very low probability of returning. Copyright 1987 by University of Chicago Press.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by University of Chicago Press in its journal Journal of Labor Economics.

Volume (Year): 5 (1987)
Issue (Month): 2 (April)
Pages: 255-77

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Handle: RePEc:ucp:jlabec:v:5:y:1987:i:2:p:255-77

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Web page: http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/JOLE/

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Cited by:
  1. Stefan Bender & Annette Kohlmann & Stefan Lang, 2003. "Women, work, and motherhood: changing employment penalties for motherhood in West Germany after 1945 - a comparative analysis of cohorts born in 1934-1971," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2003-006, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
  2. Magdalena M. Muszynska, 2004. "Employment after childbearing: a comparative study of Italy and Norway," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2004-030, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
  3. Alewell, Dorothea & Pull, Kerstin, 2005. "Rechtsschutz für Mütter : eine ökonomische Analyse des Mutterschutzgesetzes und seiner Wirkungen auf die Beschäftigungssituation von Frauen (Legal protection for mothers * an economic analysis of ," Zeitschrift für ArbeitsmarktForschung - Journal for Labour Market Research, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany], vol. 38(2/3), pages 341-356.
  4. Mueller, Richard E., 2005. "The effect of marital dissolution on the labour supply of males and females: Evidence from Canada," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 34(6), pages 787-809, December.
  5. Alfonso Alba Ramírez & Gema Alvarez Llorente, 2004. "Actividad laboral de la mujer en torno al nacimiento de un hijo," Investigaciones Economicas, Fundación SEPI, vol. 28(3), pages 429-460, September.
  6. Marit Rønsen & Ragni Hege Kitterød, 2012. "Entry into work following childbirth among mothers in Norway. Recent trends and variation," Discussion Papers 702, Research Department of Statistics Norway.
  7. Marit Rønsen & Marianne Sundström, 1999. "Public Policies and the Employment Dynamics among new Mothers – A Comparison of Finland, Norway and Sweden," Discussion Papers 263, Research Department of Statistics Norway.
  8. Anna Baranowska & Anna Matysiak, 2011. "Does parenthood increase happiness? Evidence for Poland," Working Papers 38, Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics.
  9. Wamuthenya, W.R., 2010. "Economic crisis and women’s employment rate in a Sub-Saharan African country: explaining the rise in women’s employment rate in the urban areas of Kenya," ISS Working Papers - General Series 500, International Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University Rotterdam (ISS), The Hague.
  10. Miguel A. Malo & Fernando Muñoz-Bullon, 2007. "Breaks In Women'S Careers Due To Family Reasons: A Long-Term Perspective," Business Economics Working Papers wb070101, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Economía de la Empresa.
  11. Arleen Leibowitz & Jacob Klerman, 1995. "Explaining changes in married mothers’ employment over time," Demography, Springer, vol. 32(3), pages 365-378, August.
  12. Jacob Klerman & Arleen Leibowitz, 1999. "Job continuity among new mothers," Demography, Springer, vol. 36(2), pages 145-155, May.
  13. Charles Baum, 2002. "A dynamic analysis of the effect of child care costs on the work decisions of low-income mothers with infants," Demography, Springer, vol. 39(1), pages 139-164, February.
  14. Kurowska, Anna & Myck, Michal & Wrohlich, Katharina, 2012. "Family and Labor Market Choices: Requirements to Guide Effective Evidence-Based Policy," IZA Discussion Papers 6846, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  15. Julian P. Cristia, 2006. "The Effect of a First Child on Female Labor Supply: Evidence from Women Seeking Fertility Services: Working Paper 2006-11," Working Papers 18233, Congressional Budget Office.
  16. Miguel A. Malo & Fernando Muñoz-Bullón, 2004. "Career breaks of women due to family reasons: A long-term perspective using retrospective data," Business Economics Working Papers wb041808, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Economía de la Empresa.
  17. Anna Baranowska-Rataj & Anna Matysiak, 2014. "The causal effects of the number of children on female employment-do European institutional and gender conditions matter?," Working Papers 64, Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics.
  18. Alfonso Alba & Gema Álvarez, 2001. "La Actividad Laboral De La Mujer En El Entorno Del Nacimiento De Un Hijo," Documentos de Trabajo de Economía de010401, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Economía.
  19. repec:iab:iabzaf:v:38:i:2/3:p:341-356 is not listed on IDEAS
  20. Miguel Malo & Fernando Muñoz-Bullón, 2008. "Women’s family-related career breaks: a long-term British perspective," Review of Economics of the Household, Springer, vol. 6(2), pages 127-167, June.

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