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The relationship between government and business r&d expenditure in the European Union

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  • Nicolae BACILA

    ()
    (BABEȘ-BOLYAI UNIVERSITY)

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    Abstract

    The present paper aims at providing an empirical contribution to the literature on the relationship between government and business R&D expenditure in the European Union. Based on an econometric model which estimates business expenditure as a function of government support through general expenditure and, state aid, respectively, we have found a positive correlation between these variables, suggesting that in most cases there is a complementary relationship according to which government expenditure creates an additional incentive for the business activities.

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    File URL: http://fse.tibiscus.ro/anale/Lucrari2012/kssue2012_018.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Faculty of Economics, Tibiscus University in Timisoara in its journal Anale. Seria Stiinte Economice. Timisoara.

    Volume (Year): XVIII (2012)
    Issue (Month): (May)
    Pages: 134-141

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    Handle: RePEc:tdt:annals:v:xviii:y:2012:p:134-141

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    Related research

    Keywords: governement expenditure; state aid; business expenditure; complementary relationship; crowding out effect;

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    1. David, Paul A. & Hall, Bronwyn H. & Toole, Andrew A., 2000. "Is public R&D a complement or substitute for private R&D? A review of the econometric evidence," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(4-5), pages 497-529, April.
    2. Dominique Guellec & Bruno Van Pottelsberghe, 2004. "From R&D to Productivity Growth: Do the Institutional Settings and the Source of Funds of R&D Matter?," Working Papers CEB 04-010.RS, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    3. Lach, Saul, 2002. "Do R&D Subsidies Stimulate or Displace Private R&D? Evidence from Israel," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 50(4), pages 369-90, December.
    4. Paul Romer, 1989. "Endogenous Technological Change," NBER Working Papers 3210, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Silverberg, Gerald & Verspagen, Bart, 1995. "An Evolutionary Model of Long Term Cyclical Variations of Catching Up and Falling Behind," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 5(3), pages 209-27, September.
    6. Scott J. Wallsten, 2000. "The Effects of Government-Industry R&D Programs on Private R&D: The Case of the Small Business Innovation Research Program," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 31(1), pages 82-100, Spring.
    7. Chiaromonte, Francesca & Dosi, Giovanni, 1993. "Heterogeneity, competition, and macroeconomic dynamics," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 4(1), pages 39-63, June.
    8. Jaffe, Adam B., 1989. "Characterizing the "technological position" of firms, with application to quantifying technological opportunity and research spillovers," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 87-97, April.
    9. Adams, James D, 1990. "Fundamental Stocks of Knowledge and Productivity Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(4), pages 673-702, August.
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