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Measuring the Efficiency of China's Regional Innovation Systems: Application of Network Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA)

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Author Info

  • Kaihua Chen
  • Jiancheng Guan

Abstract

C hen K. and G uan J. Measuring the efficiency of China's regional innovation systems: application of network data envelopment analysis (DEA), Regional Studies . This study applies a relational network data analysis envelopment to the systematic evaluation of the innovation efficiency of China's regional innovation systems by decomposing the innovation process into the two connecting sub-processes, technological development and subsequent technological commercialization. The results show that only one-fifth of China's regional innovation systems are operating on the empirical best-practice frontier during the whole process from technological development to commercialization. Furthermore, it is found that substantial inconsistencies exist between technological development capacity and commercialization capacity in most regional innovation systems, and that downstream commercialization capacity plays a more important role in the innovation performance of regional innovation systems. C hen K. et G uan J. Evaluer l'efficacité des systèmes d'innovation régionaux en Chine: l'application de la DEA en réseau, Regional Studies . Cet article cherche à appliquer une analyse DEA (data envelopment analysis) relationnelle en réseau à l'évaluation systématique de l'efficacité innovatrice des systèmes d'innovation régionaux en Chine à partir d'une décomposition du processus d'innovation en deux sous-processus, à savoir le développement technologique et la commercialisation technologique qui en découle. Les résultats laissent voir que seulement un cinquième des systèmes d'innovation régionaux en Chine fonctionnent à la frontière empirique des pratiques d'excellence tout au long du processus qui va du développement technologique à la commercialisation. Qui plus est, il s'avère que d'importantes contradictions s'imposent entre la capacité de développement technologique et la capacité de commercialisation dans la plupart des systèmes d'innovation régionaux, et que la capacité de commercialisation en aval joue un rôle plus important quant à la performance innovatrice des systèmes d'innovation régionaux. Systèmes d'innovation régionaux Processus d'innovation Efficacité technologique Analyse DEA en réseau Amorçage Chine C hen K. und G uan J. Messung der Effizienz der regionalen Innovationssysteme von China: eine Anwendung der Netzwerk-Dateneinhüllanalyse, Regional Studies . In dieser Studie wird eine relationale Netzwerk-Dateneinhüllanalyse auf die systematische Beurteilung der Innovationseffizienz der regionalen Innovationssysteme von China angewandt. Hierfür wird der Innovationsprozess in die beiden zusammenhängenden Subprozesse aufgegliedert: technologische Entwicklung und die anschließende technologische Kommerzialisierung. Aus den Ergebnissen geht hervor, dass nur ein Fünftel der regionalen Innovationssysteme von China während des gesamten Prozesses von der technologischen Entwicklung zur Kommerzialisierung an der Grenze der besten empirischen Praxis arbeiten. Darüber hinaus stellen wir fest, dass zwischen der Kapazität für technologische Entwicklung und der Kapazität für Kommerzialisierung erhebliche Unregelmäßigkeiten bestehen und dass die Kapazität der prozessabwärts angelagerten Kommerzialisierung für die Innovationsleistung von regionalen Innovationssystemen eine wichtigere Rolle spielt. Regionale Innovationssysteme Innovationsprozess Technische Effizienz Netzwerk-Dateneinhüllanalyse Bootstrap-Ansatz  China C hen K. y G uan J. Medición de la eficiencia de los sistemas de innovación regional de China: aplicación de un análisis envolvente de datos de redes, Regional Studies . En este estudio aplicamos un análisis envolvente de datos relacionales de redes para la evaluación sistemática de la eficiencia de la innovación de los sistemas de innovación regional de China descomponiendo el proceso de innovación en los dos subprocesos conectados: el desarrollo tecnológico y la posterior comercialización tecnológica. Los resultados muestran que solamente una quinta parte de los sistemas de innovación regional operan en la frontera empírica de las mejores prácticas durante todo el proceso desde el desarrollo tecnológico hasta la comercialización. Asimismo se observa que existen considerables incoherencias entre la capacidad de desarrollo tecnológico y la capacidad de comercialización en la mayoría de sistemas de innovación regional y que la capacidad de comercialización desempeña un papel más importante en el rendimiento de innovación de los sistemas de innovación regional. Sistemas de innovación regional Proceso de innovación Eficacia técnica Análisis envolvente de datos de redes (DEA) Enfoque Bootstrap China

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 46 (2012)
Issue (Month): 3 (April)
Pages: 355-377

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:46:y:2012:i:3:p:355-377

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Cited by:
  1. Kao, Chiang, 2014. "Efficiency decomposition for general multi-stage systems in data envelopment analysis," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 232(1), pages 117-124.
  2. Liu, Meng-chun & Chen, Shin-Horng, 2012. "MNCs’ offshore R&D networks in host country's regional innovation system: The case of Taiwan-based firms in China," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 41(6), pages 1107-1120.

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