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Seasonal Migration and Welfare/Illfare in Eastern India: A Social Analysis

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Author Info

  • Ben Rogaly
  • Daniel Coppard
  • Abdur Safique
  • Kumar Rana
  • Amrita Sengupta
  • Jhuma Biswas
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    Abstract

    Over 500,000 people are regularly engaged in seasonal migration for rice work into southern West Bengal. This paper analyses social processes at work in the interactions between employers and workers, and the welfare/illfare outcomes. Group identities based on religion and ethnicity are strengthened through the experience of migration and deployed by some migrants to make this form of employment less degrading. In West Bengal seasonal migration can involve practical welfare gains. Importantly, an informal wage floor has been put into place and managed by the peasant union allied to the largest party in the Left Front regime. However, the costs and risks of migration remain high.

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    File URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00220380412331322521
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Journal of Development Studies.

    Volume (Year): 38 (2002)
    Issue (Month): 5 ()
    Pages: 89-114

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:jdevst:v:38:y:2002:i:5:p:89-114

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    Related research

    Keywords: seasonal migration; West Bengal; group identities; welfare gains;

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    Cited by:
    1. Peter Davis, 2007. "Discussions Among the Poor: Exploring Poverty Dynamics With Focus Groups in Bangladesh," Working Papers id:1106, eSocialSciences.
    2. Ahsan, Quamrul, 2005. "Micro-credit, risk coping and the incidence of rural-to-urban migration," Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Kiel 2005 2, Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics.
    3. Shonchoy, Abu S., 2011. "Seasonal migration and micro-credit in the lean period : evidence from northwest Bangladesh," IDE Discussion Papers 294, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
    4. Priya Deshingkar & Shaheen Akter, 2009. "Migration and Human Development in India," Human Development Research Papers (2009 to present) HDRP-2009-13, Human Development Report Office (HDRO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), revised Apr 2009.

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