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Open, Semi-Open and Closed Innovators: Towards an Explanation of Degree of Openness

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  • Andres Barge-Gil

Abstract

There is much controversy in the literature over the relationship between the openness of firms' innovation strategies and firm characteristics such as size, R&D intensity and sector. We argue that the controversy arises because, both theoretically and empirically, only a binary, open vs. closed, strategy has been considered. In this paper, we distinguish among three firm strategies: open, semi-open and closed, drawing upon a panel of Spanish firms (2004-2006) using data from Community Innovation Survey (CIS)-type surveys, and two different indicators of openness. Our results show that open innovators are smaller and less R&D intensive than semi-open ones, although larger and more R&D intensive than closed innovators. These results reduce some of the controversies, and show that two conflicting forces, absorptive capacity and a “need” effect, are at stake in open innovation strategies.

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File URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13662716.2010.530839
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Industry and Innovation.

Volume (Year): 17 (2010)
Issue (Month): 6 ()
Pages: 577-607

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Handle: RePEc:taf:indinn:v:17:y:2010:i:6:p:577-607

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Related research

Keywords: Open innovation strategies; collaboration; size; R&D; sector; technology policy;

References

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  1. Justyna Dąbrowska & Irina Fiegenbaum & Antero Kutvonen, 2013. "Mapping The Perception And Reality Of Open Innovation," International Journal of Innovation Management (ijim), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 17(06), pages 1340016-1-1.
  2. Du, Jingshu & Leten, Bart & Vanhaverbeke, Wim, 2014. "Managing open innovation projects with science-based and market-based partners," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(5), pages 828-840.
  3. Joaquín M. Azagra-Caro & Dimitrios Pontikakis & Attila Varga, 2013. "Delocalization Patterns in University--Industry Interaction: Evidence from the Sixth R&D Framework Programme," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(10), pages 1676-1701, October.
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Cited by:
  1. Marina Van Geenhuizen & Qing Ye, 2013. "Small Responsible Innovators and Open Innovation towards Sustainability: Networks Conditions," ERSA conference papers ersa13p1303, European Regional Science Association.
  2. Barge-Gil, Andrés, 2011. "Open strategies and innovation performance," MPRA Paper 31298, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Tomlinson, Philip R. & Fai, Felicia M., 2013. "The nature of SME co-operation and innovation: A multi-scalar and multi-dimensional analysis," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 141(1), pages 316-326.
  4. Du, Jingshu & Leten, Bart & Vanhaverbeke, Wim, 2014. "Managing open innovation projects with science-based and market-based partners," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(5), pages 828-840.
  5. Vásquez-Urriago, Angela & Barge-Gil, Andrés & Modrego, Aurelia, 2014. "Which firms benefit more from being located in a Science and Technology Park? Empirical evidence for Spain," MPRA Paper 55130, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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