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Cluster-Based Technology Policy—The German Experience


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  • Dirk Dohse


The German Federal Government has undertaken a series of particularly interesting policy experiments in the field of technology policy in recent years, a major policy innovation being the explicit recognition of regional clustering aspects in federal support programmes. The paper provides a categorization and assessment of these policy experiments and tries to shed some new light on two fundamental policy questions that are important beyond the German context: (i) can clusters be built by national government policy action? and (ii) is regionalization of technology policy a suitable means of achieving goals at the national level? We find that utilizing the regional level to boost national innovation and competitiveness can—under certain conditions explicated in the paper—indeed be seen as a promising means of achieving national goals. More specifically, we find that InnoRegio type programmes might be particularly useful in regions with distinctive structural problems such as the Central and Eastern European countries, whereas BioRegio type models might be a suitable means of policy-making at the level of the European Union.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Industry and Innovation.

Volume (Year): 14 (2007)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 69-94

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Handle: RePEc:taf:indinn:v:14:y:2007:i:1:p:69-94

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Related research

Keywords: Industrial clusters; knowledge spillovers; technology policy;


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Cited by:
  1. Masiliunas, Aidas & Mengel, Friederike & Reiss, J. Philipp, 2014. "Behavioral variation in Tullock contests," Working Paper Series in Economics 55, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Department of Economics and Business Engineering.
  2. Covi, Giovanni, 2014. "Local Systems’ Strategies Copying with Globalization: Collective Local Entrepreneurship," MPRA Paper 53334, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Fuchs, Gerhard & Wassermann, Sandra, 2012. "Organising a market: Photovoltaics in Germany," Research Contributions to Organizational Sociology and Innovation Studies, SOI Discussion Papers 2012-01, University of Stuttgart, Institute for Social Sciences, Department of Organizational Sociology and Innovation Studies.
  4. Benner, Maximilian, 2012. "Clusterwettbewerbe: Eine Option für Entwicklungsländer?
    [Cluster competitions: An option for developing countries?]
    ," MPRA Paper 40743, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Benner, Maximilian, 2013. "Developing Economies with Industrial Policy: Towards a Toolbox for Economic Growth. With Case Studies of Jordan and Egypt," MPRA Paper 43857, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2013.
  6. Okamuro, Hiroyuki & Nishimura, Junichi, 2011. "Management of Cluster Policies: Case Studies of Japanese, German, and French Bio-clusters," CEI Working Paper Series 2011-7, Center for Economic Institutions, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
  7. Dirk Dohse & Tanja Staehler, 2008. "BioRegio, BioProfile and the Rise of the German Biotech Industry," Kiel Working Papers 1456, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  8. Hüsing, Bärbel & Stahlecker, Thomas, 2009. "The impact of regionalised RTDI policy measures in Germany: the Network RNA Technologies Berlin (RiNA) as an example," Working Papers "Firms and Region" R5/2009, Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research (ISI).
  9. Benner, Maximilian, 2012. "How to Save Greece? A Menu for Rebuilding the Greek Economy through Industrial Policy," MPRA Paper 40748, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  10. Benner, Maximilian, 2013. "Cluster policy in developing countries," MPRA Paper 44257, University Library of Munich, Germany.


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