Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this article or follow this journal

The Emergence of New Competitor Nations in the European Steel Industry: Italy and the Netherlands, 1945-65


Author Info

  • M. Kipping
  • R. Ranieri
  • J. Dankers
Registered author(s):


    This article examines the emergence of Italy and the Netherlands as new competitors in the European steel industry after the Second World War and compares it to similar developments in other parts of the world. It examines the factors which made it possible for these two countries to challenge some of the more established producing nations, despite a lack of natural resource endowments. The in-depth analysis highlights, on the one hand, the role of historical contingencies, namely the temporary absence of German competition and the availability of American technology and funding as part of the Marshall Plan during the first post-war decade. But on the other hand it also stresses the crucial contribution of other, more timeless elements, namely a visionary leadership, which made the right choices in terms of investments, the (coastal) location of production as well as user orientation; and the supportive, but not intrusive support from the respective governments. As recent research has shown, similar combinations also explain the success of the Japanese and South Korean steel industries, while they were largely absent for example in the British case.

    Download Info

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.

    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Business History.

    Volume (Year): 43 (2001)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 69-96

    as in new window
    Handle: RePEc:taf:bushst:v:43:y:2001:i:1:p:69-96

    Contact details of provider:
    Web page:

    Order Information:

    Related research



    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.



    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.


    Access and download statistics


    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:taf:bushst:v:43:y:2001:i:1:p:69-96. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Michael McNulty).

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.