Valuing the Guaranteed Minimum Death Benefit Clause with Partial Withdrawals
AbstractIn this paper, we give a method for computing the fair insurance fee associated with the guaranteed minimum death benefit (GMDB) clause included in many variable annuity contracts. We allow for partial withdrawals, a common feature in most GMDB contracts, and determine how this affects the GMDB fair insurance charge. Our method models the GMDB pricing problem as an impulse control problem. The resulting quasi-variational inequality is solved numerically using a fully implicit penalty method. The numerical results are obtained under both constant volatility and regime-switching models. A complete analysis of the numerical procedure is included. We show that the discrete equations are stable, monotone and consistent and hence obtain convergence to the unique, continuous viscosity solution, assuming this exists. Our results show that the addition of the partial withdrawal feature significantly increases the fair insurance charge for GMDB contracts.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Applied Mathematical Finance.
Volume (Year): 16 (2009)
Issue (Month): 6 ()
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- Gao, Jin & Ulm, Eric R., 2012. "Optimal consumption and allocation in variable annuities with Guaranteed Minimum Death Benefits," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(3), pages 586-598.
- Wang, J. & Forsyth, P.A., 2010. "Numerical solution of the Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman formulation for continuous time mean variance asset allocation," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 34(2), pages 207-230, February.
- Gan, Guojun, 2013. "Application of data clustering and machine learning in variable annuity valuation," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(3), pages 795-801.
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