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articles: Calorie intake and income elasticities in EU countries: A convergence analysis using cointegration

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Author Info

  • José M. Gil

    ()
    (Unidad de Economía Agraria, Servicio de Investigación Agro-alimentaria , Montañana, 176. Apdo. 727, 50080-Zaragoza)

  • Azucena Gracia

    ()
    (Unidad de Economía Agraria, Servicio de Investigación Agro-alimentaria , Montañana, 176. Apdo. 727, 50080-Zaragoza)

  • Ana M. Angulo

    (Departamento de Análisis Económico, Universidad de Zaragoza)

Abstract

We want to determine here whether the trans-European consumer reacts to changes in total food consumption or changes in income equalise in the long run. Do total calorie intake elasticities and income elasticities converge in the long-run? A demand system is estimated for each European country. The proportional caloric intakes of the various food groups are analyzed as endogenous variables, and two exogenous variables (total calorie intake and income), are both defined in log terms. A s all variables are I(1) and non-cointegrated, demand systems are specified in first differences. Finally, we use Johansen and Juselius's multivariate cointegration tests to test for the convergence of calorie intake and income elasticities. Empirical results indicate a very limited convergence between certain products and countries considered, suggesting that country idiosyncrasies still play an important role in consumer behavior.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Springer in its journal Papers in Regional Science.

Volume (Year): 80 (2001)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 165-187

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Handle: RePEc:spr:presci:v:80:y:2001:i:2:p:165-187

Note: Received: 30 March 1998
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Related research

Keywords: European food demand; calorie intake; cointegration; convergence;

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Cited by:
  1. Halicioglu, Ferda, 2011. "The Demand for Calories in Turkey," MPRA Paper 41807, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Fousekis, Panos, 2009. "International Consumption Patterns for Proteins and Fats: Intra-distributional Mobility and the Role of Income Elasticity," Agricultural Economics Review, Greek Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 10(1), January.
  3. Angulo, Ana Maria & Mtimet, Nadhem & Gil, Jose Maria, 2008. "Análisis de la demanda de alimentos en España considerando el impacto de la dieta sobre la salud," Economia Agraria y Recursos Naturales, Spanish Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 8(2).
  4. Ogundari, Kolawole, 2011. "Estimating Demand for Nutrients in Nigeria: A Vector Error Correction Model," MPRA Paper 28930, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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