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Altruism and the macroeconomic effects of demographic changes

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  • Erik Canton

    ()
    (Center for Economic Research and Department of Economics, Tilburg University, P.O. Box 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg, The Netherlands)

  • Lex Meijdam

    ()
    (Center for Economic Research and Department of Economics, Tilburg University, P.O. Box 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg, The Netherlands)

Abstract

In this paper we show that the macroeconomic effects of demographic changes strongly depend on the degree of altruism and on the specification of the intertemporal utility function. We allow for agents either to be altruistic in the sense of Barro (1974) or non-altruistic. In the latter case, generations are heterogeneous like in the "unloved children" model of Weil (1989). In the former case, where the model is a standard Ramsey model with identical agents, we distinguish a Millian and a Benthamite intertemporal utility function. For each of these models, we study the effects of an anticipated and unanticipated permanent decline in population growth as well as the consequences of a baby-boom/baby-bust scenario.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Springer in its journal Journal of Population Economics.

Volume (Year): 10 (1997)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 317-334

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Handle: RePEc:spr:jopoec:v:10:y:1997:i:3:p:317-334

Note: Received April 17, 1996/Accepted December 10, 1996
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Related research

Keywords: Demographic changes · altruistic and non-altruistic agents;

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Cited by:
  1. Kuhn, Michael & Wrzaczek, Stefan & Oeppen, Jim, 2010. "Recognizing progeny in the value of life," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 107(1), pages 17-21, April.
  2. Raouf Boucekkine & Blanca Martínez & Ramon Ruiz-Tamarit, 2011. "Growth vs level effect of population change on economic development: An inspection into human-capital-related mechanisms," Working Papers halshs-00632888, HAL.
  3. Casper van Ewijk & Erik Canton & Paul Tang, 2004. "Ageing and international capital flows," CPB Document 43, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
  4. Stiller, Silvia, 2000. "Welfare effects of demographic changes in a Ramsey growth model," HWWA Discussion Papers 107, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).

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