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How Do Tougher Immigration Measures Affect Unauthorized Immigrants?

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  • Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes

    ()

  • Thitima Puttitanun

    ()

  • Ana Martinez-Donate

    ()

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    Abstract

    The recent impetus of tougher immigration-related measures passed at the state level raises concerns about the impact of such measures on the migration experience, trajectory, and future plans of unauthorized immigrants. In a recent and unique survey of Mexican unauthorized immigrants interviewed upon their voluntary return or deportation to Mexico, almost a third reported experiencing difficulties in obtaining social or government services, finding legal assistance, or obtaining health care services. Additionally, half of these unauthorized immigrants reported fearing deportation. When we assess how the enactment of punitive measures against unauthorized immigrants, such as E-Verify mandates, has affected their migration experience, we find no evidence of a statistically significant association between these measures and the difficulties reported by unauthorized immigrants in accessing a variety of services. However, the enactment of these mandates infuses deportation fear, reduces interstate mobility among voluntary returnees during their last migration spell, and helps curb deportees’ intent to return to the United States in the near future. Copyright Population Association of America 2013

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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s13524-013-0200-x
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Springer in its journal Demography.

    Volume (Year): 50 (2013)
    Issue (Month): 3 (June)
    Pages: 1067-1091

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    Handle: RePEc:spr:demogr:v:50:y:2013:i:3:p:1067-1091

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    Web page: http://www.springer.com/economics/journal/13524

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    Web: http://link.springer.de/orders.htm

    Related research

    Keywords: Immigration; Policy; Undocumented; Unauthorized; Mexico;

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    1. Pia Orrenius & Madeline Zavodny, 2003. "Do amnesty programs reduce undocumented immigration? Evidence from Irca," Demography, Springer, vol. 40(3), pages 437-450, August.
    2. Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes & Cynthia Bansak & Allan A. Zebedee, 2014. "On the Effectiveness of SB1070 in Arizona," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1424, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
    3. Susan M. Richter & J. Edward Taylor & Antonio Yúnez-Naude, 2007. "Impacts of Policy Reforms on Labor Migration from Rural Mexico to the United States," NBER Chapters, in: Mexican Immigration to the United States, pages 269-288 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. David Lindstrom, 1996. "Economic opportunity in mexico and return migration from the United States," Demography, Springer, vol. 33(3), pages 357-374, August.
    5. Patrick A. Rivers & Fausto G. Patino, 2006. "Barriers to health care access for Latino immigrants in the USA," International Journal of Social Economics, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 33(3), pages 207-220, March.
    6. Gordon H. Hanson & Antonio Spilimbergo, 1996. "Illegal Immigration, Border Enforcement, and Relative Wages: Evidence from Apprehensions at the U.S.-Mexico Border," NBER Working Papers 5592, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Davila, Alberto & Pagan, Jose A. & Soydemir, Gokce, 2002. "The short-term and long-term deterrence effects of INS border and interior enforcement on undocumented immigration," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 49(4), pages 459-472, December.
    8. Manuela Angelucci, 2012. "US Border Enforcement and the Net Flow of Mexican Illegal Migration," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 60(2), pages 311 - 357.
    9. Sherrie Kossoudji, 1992. "Playing Cat and Mouse at the U.S.-Mexican Border," Demography, Springer, vol. 29(2), pages 159-180, May.
    10. Katharine Donato & Jorge Durand & Douglas Massey, 1992. "Stemming the tide? Assessing the deterrent effects of the immigration reform and control act," Demography, Springer, vol. 29(2), pages 139-157, May.
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