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Origins of Social Immobility and Inequality: Parenting and Early Child Development

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Author Info

  • John Ermisch

    (Institute for Social and Economic Research, University of Essex, ermij@essex.ac.uk)

Abstract

There is growing evidence that differences in children's intellectual, emotional and behavioural development by parents' socio-economic status emerge at early ages and that these differences cast a long shadow over subsequent achievements. This article demonstrates with the Millennium Cohort Study that differences by parents' income group in cognitive and behavioural development emerge by the child's third birthday. It shows that an important part of these differences can be accounted for by `what parents do' in terms of educational activities and parenting style.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by National Institute of Economic and Social Research in its journal National Institute Economic Review.

Volume (Year): 205 (2008)
Issue (Month): 1 (July)
Pages: 62-71

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Handle: RePEc:sae:niesru:v:205:y:2008:i:1:p:62-71

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Related research

Keywords: child development; social mobility; parental investment;

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Cited by:
  1. Chikako Yamauchi, 2009. "Parental Investment in Children: Differential Pathways of Parental Education and Mental Health," CEPR Discussion Papers 621, Centre for Economic Policy Research, Research School of Economics, Australian National University.
  2. repec:bri:cmpowp:13/313 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. Silke Anger, 2012. "The Intergenerational Transmission of Cognitive and Non-cognitive Skills during Adolescence and Young Adulthood," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 473, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
  4. Silke Anger & Guido Heineck, 2010. "Do smart parents raise smart children? The intergenerational transmission of cognitive abilities," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 23(3), pages 1105-1132, June.
  5. Zhen Zeng & Yu Xie, 2014. "The Effects of Grandparents on Children’s Schooling: Evidence From Rural China," Demography, Springer, vol. 51(2), pages 599-617, April.
  6. repec:ese:iserwp:2009-16 is not listed on IDEAS
  7. Del Bono, Emilia & Ermisch, John, 2009. "Birth Weight and the Dynamics of Early Cognitive and Behavioural Development," IZA Discussion Papers 4270, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  8. Kristoffersen, Jannie H. G. & Smith, Nina, 2013. "Gender Differences in the Effects of Behavioral Problems on School Outcomes," IZA Discussion Papers 7410, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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