Characteristics of immigrants and bilateral trade
AbstractThis paper tests the impact of immigration on bilateral trade using Spanish data from 1995 to 2003. It also explores some possible mechanisms behind this link. It uses a gravity equation for trade augmented with an immigrant’s stock variable and a set of control variables. The immigrants variable enters the estimated equation in different ways depending on immigrant relevant characteristics both individual and non individualspecific. Results show that there is a positive link between immigration and both exports and imports. We find evidence for the trade transaction cost channel but not for the preference one. The mechanisms behind this link are the information effect –immigrant’s additional information about products and about social and political institutions– and the social or ethnic network effect –immigrants with a medium level of education and those related to business activities are the ones who have a positive effect on bilateral trade.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Universidad de Zaragoza, Departamento de Estructura Economica y Economia Publica in its journal Revista de Economía Aplicada.
Volume (Year): 16 (2008)
Issue (Month): 3 (Winter)
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Postal: Revista de Economía Aplicada Departamento de Estructura Económica y Economía Pública Facultad de Ciencias Económicas Gran Vía, 2 50005 Zaragoza Spain
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Find related papers by JEL classification:
- F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
- F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
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- Johan Fourie & Maria Santana-Gallego, 2012. "Ethnic Reunion and Cultural Affinity," Working Papers 293, Economic Research Southern Africa.
- Genc, Murat & Gheasi, Masood & Nijkamp, Peter & Poot, Jacques, 2011.
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6145, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Murat Genc & Masood Gheasi & Peter Nijkamp & Jacques Poot, 2011. "The impact of immigration on international trade: a meta-analysis," Norface Discussion Paper Series 2011020, Norface Research Programme on Migration, Department of Economics, University College London.
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