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El futuro del algodón en Andalucía tras la reforma del régimen de apoyo al cultivo

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  • Manuel Arriaza
  • José Antonio Gómez-Limón Rodríguez
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    Abstract

    RESUMEN Teniendo como punto de partida la reciente reforma del Reglamento del algodón, aprobada el 29 de abril de 2004 y con entrada en vigor en la campaña 2006/07, el presente estudio analiza el previsible impacto que dicha reforma puede tener en la producción de algodón en Andalucía. A partir de una caracterización inicial de los productores se analiza el impacto de dos posibles escenarios de política agraria: (a) la aplicación de la reforma sin medidas adicionales, y (b) la posibilidad de que ésta se llevase a cabo a través de un pago agroambiental por el cambio hacia la producción integrada, junto con la modulación de la ayuda por superficie en función de la calidad del algodón entregado a la industria transformadora. En el primer caso, de no plantearse las medidas oportunas, la práctica totalidad de la superficie actual de algodón pasaría a cultivarse en régimen de semi-abandono, lo cual implicaría la reducción al máximo el uso de insumos y no recoger el algodón. En el segundo caso, la superficie cultivada de algodón, todo bajo el sistema de producción integrada, rondaría las 60.000 hectáreas, lo cual permitiría asegurar, si bien parcialmente, el futuro de sector. ABSTRACT Considering the new agricultural reform of the cotton EU Regulation of 29th April 2004, to be enforced in the 2006/07 season, the present study analyses the impact on the cotton production sector of Andalusia. From an initial characterization of producers based on a survey carried out in 2004 we assess the impact of two policy scenarios: (a) the implementation of the reform without any additional measures, and (b) the addition of a complementary environmentally based area payment plus the modulation of the decoupled subsidy according to raw cotton quality. In the first scenario the producers would reduce to the maximum the input usage and leave the raw cotton in the fields. In the second scenario the production of cotton would shift from conventional toward Integrated Production with a reduction of 30% with respect to the current hectarage.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Universidades Públicas de Andalucía in its journal Revista de Estudios Regionales.

    Volume (Year): 03 (2006)
    Issue (Month): ()
    Pages: 13-46

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    Handle: RePEc:rer:articu:v:03:y:2006:p:13-46

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    Related research

    Keywords: Algodón; Andalucía; Reforma de la PAC; Simulación; Multicriterio;

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    References

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    1. Levy, H & Markowtiz, H M, 1979. "Approximating Expected Utility by a Function of Mean and Variance," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 69(3), pages 308-17, June.
    2. B. Curtis Eaves, 1971. "On Quadratic Programming," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 17(11), pages 698-711, July.
    3. Kroll, Yoram & Levy, Haim & Markowitz, Harry M, 1984. " Mean-Variance versus Direct Utility Maximization," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 39(1), pages 47-61, March.
    4. Arriaza, M. & Gomez-Limon, J. A., 2003. "Comparative performance of selected mathematical programming models," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 77(2), pages 155-171, August.
    5. Arriaza Balmon, Manuel & Gomez-Limon, Jose A. & Upton, Martin, 2002. "Local water markets for irrigation in southern Spain: A multicriteria approach," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 46(1), March.
    6. Sumpsi, JoseMaria & Amador, Francisco & Romero, Carlos, 1997. "On farmers' objectives: A multi-criteria approach," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 96(1), pages 64-71, January.
    7. Berbel, J. & Rodriguez-Ocana, A., 1998. "An MCDM approach to production analysis: An application to irrigated farms in Southern Spain," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 107(1), pages 108-118, May.
    8. Gomez-Limon, Jose A. & Riesgo, Laura, 2004. "Irrigation water pricing: differential impacts on irrigated farms," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 31(1), pages 47-66, July.
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