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Capital humano y salarios en la hostelería española: Un análisis regional


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  • Alejandro García Pozo
  • Juan A. Campos Soria
  • José Luis Sánchez Ollero
  • Macarena Marchante Lara


Resumen: En este trabajo se estiman los rendimientos del capital humano en la hostelería española utilizando una versión ampliada de la ecuación de salarios de Mincer (1974) y se cuantifican las diferencias salariales de las principales regiones turísticas a partir de la descomposición salarial de Oaxaca-Ramson (1994). Con datos de la Encuesta de Estructura Salarial de 2006, todas las regiones analizadas muestran rendimientos de la educación inferiores en la hostelería en comparación al resto de servicios privados. Lo mismo ocurre para el resto de variables de capital humano utilizadas. Las diferencias en los rendimientos de la educación en la hostelería son significativas entre regiones, destacando Cataluña y Canarias. En esta última y en la Comunidad de Madrid la mayor parte de la brecha salarial se debe a diferencias en los rendimientos de las características observables, mientras que en el resto de regiones analizadas la mayor parte es debida a diferencias en las dotaciones. Abstract: The aim of this paper is to analyze the return on human capital in Spanish hospitality industry through an adapted Mincerian wage equation, and verify and measure the wage gap in the main Spanish touristic regions using the Oaxaca-Ransom methodology and data from Spanish Wage Structure Survey 2006. The hospitality sector in the regions analyzed have lower values in all variables on human capital compared to its other private services, existing large differences in the returns on human capital obtained in each one of them. These wage differentials are justified largely by the different employee characteristics, although in the Canary Islands and Madrid are motivated by different returns on observed variables.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Universidades Públicas de Andalucía in its journal Revista de Estudios Regionales.

Volume (Year): 02 (2011)
Issue (Month): ()
Pages: 71-95

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Handle: RePEc:rer:articu:v:02:y:2011:p:71-95

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Keywords: Capital humano; Turismo; Diferencia salarial; Análisis regional; Human capital; Tourism; Wage differentials; Regional analysis;

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