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Patentes, proximidad tecnológica y empleo industrial en Castilla-La Mancha


Author Info

  • Mª José Calderón Millán
  • Nuria Gómez Sanz
  • Luis Antonio López Santiago
  • María Angeles Tobarra Gómez


RESUMEN Este trqabajo investiga la incidencia de la tecnología sobre la evolución del empleo industrial de Castilla-La Mancha (CLM) entre 1993 y 2002. El trabajo centra la atención en la importancia que para una región como CLM tienen las externalidades o spillovers tecnológicos. En concreto, a través de una medida de spillovers de patentes, se comprueba como la proximidad tecnológica es una variable clave en la adquisición de conocimientos por la industria regional. En términos de empleo, encontramos que la industria de CLM ha utilizado la tecnología que ha adquirido, en mayor grado a través de spillovers procedentes de la economía española que mediante su propio esfuerzo innovador, para ahorrar horas de trabajo. ABSTRACT This work analyses the impact of technology on industrial employment in Castilla-La Mancha (CLM) for the period 1993-2002, paying special attention to the role of externalities or technological spillovers. A measure of spillovers based on patents is calculated and it shows that technological proximity is a key element as a source of knowledge for CLM’s industry. The new technology, achieved mainly as spillovers rather than as a result of the own innovative effort, has reduced the labour requirements.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Universidades Públicas de Andalucía in its journal Revista de Estudios Regionales.

Volume (Year): 02 (2009)
Issue (Month): ()
Pages: 197-219

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Handle: RePEc:rer:articu:v:02:y:2009:p:197-219

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Keywords: Empleo; Spillovers de patentes; Proximidad tecnológica;

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