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Identificación de sectores de servicios y de alta tecnología en la Comunidad Valenciana: ¿Un nuevo cluster mapping?

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  • Lluís Miret Pastor
  • María del Val Segarra Oña
  • Angel Peiró Signes
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    Abstract

    RESUMEN: La influencia del Distrito Industrial en España en general, y en la Comunidad Valenciana en particular, ha condicionado los estudios sobre concentración económica en estos territorios. Existen diversos trabajos que dibujan el mapa de los Distritos Industriales de la Comunidad Valenciana, pero están centrados en sectores manufactureros de tecnología baja sin referencias a industrias tecnológicamente avanzadas o a sectores de servicios. Sin embargo, diferentes análisis advierten sobre los elevados niveles de aglomeración de las industrias tecnológicamente avanzadas y se aprecia un creciente interés por el estudio de clusters de servicios. El presente trabajo analizará los niveles de aglomeración económica en diferentes sectores de muy diversa tipología y los niveles de especialización de los Mercados Locales de Trabajo de la Comunidad Valenciana. El objetivo es realizar un cluster mapping de la Comunidad Valenciana que nos permita comprobar si, junto a la ya conocida existencia de agrupaciones tradicionales, con una clara tipología de Distritos Industriales, existen en la Comunidad Valenciana clusters industriales de tecnología alta, así como clústers de servicios. ABSTRACT: The influence of the industrial district in Spain, in general, and in the Valencia region in particular, has influenced economic concentration research of in these territories. There are several studies that draw the map of the Valencian industrial districts mainly focused on low-tech manufacturing industries without taking into acount technologically advanced industries or service sectors. On one hand, different studies warn about an increasing agglomeration level of technologically advanced industries and, in the other hand, the academic interest on service clusters industries is going up steadily. This paper will examine the levels of economic agglomeration in different industries and its specialization indexes based on local labor markets at the Valencian Community. The objective of this research is to define the valencian cluster structure that allow us to determine if, high technological industrial clusters and service clusters can can coexist together with the well known existence of traditional industrial districts.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Universidades Públicas de Andalucía in its journal Revista de Estudios Regionales.

    Volume (Year): 01 (2011)
    Issue (Month): ()
    Pages: 71-96

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    Handle: RePEc:rer:articu:v:01:y:2011:p:71-96

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    Keywords: Concentración económica; Cluster; Economic concentration;

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