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The biotechnological competence bloc

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  • Gunnar Eliasson
  • Asa Eliasson
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    Abstract

    [fre] Le secteur biotechnologique, plus que tout autre industrie, est le résultat de la recherche scientifique. L'article analyse la constitution d'un « bloc de compétence » en biotechnologie, met en évidence le caractère expérimental de son développement, et explique l'importance critique du capital risque compétent. Il discute également le rôle d'appui, le cas échéant décisif, de l'Etat en vue de fournir le capital-risque compétent, lorsque le marché est en défaut.. L'étude souligne la nécessité pour tout développement technologique dans l'industrie, (1) de combiner des technologies et disciplines très différentes et (2) d'identifier le sous-ensemble limité des possibilités techniques qui respectent les contraintes économiques. Les entreprises industrielles doivent elles développer des compétences gestionnaires permettant de traiter une complexité extrême. Les conséquences de cette complexité sont en effet des faillites fréquentes. [eng] Biotech industry, more than any other industry, is the offspring of academic research. The nature and formation of the biotech competence bloc are investigated, the experimental nature of its development clarified and the critical importance of competent venture capitalists explained. (The possibly critical, supporting role of Government to provide venture competence when the market fails to process entrepreneurship is discussed.. The study documents the importance for industrial technology development (1) to merge different technologies and academic disciplines, and (2) to identify the more narrow set of technological possibilites that satisfy economic restrictions. Industrial firms have to develop management competence to deal with extreme complexity. The consequences of complexity are frequent business failures.

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/rei.1996.1641
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue d'économie industrielle.

    Volume (Year): 78 (1996)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 7-26

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:recind:rei_0154-3229_1996_num_78_1_1641

    Note: DOI:10.3406/rei.1996.1641
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    Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/rei

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    Cited by:
    1. Traore, Namatie & Rose, Antoine, 2003. "Determinants of biotechnology utilization by the Canadian industry," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(10), pages 1719-1735, December.
    2. Eliasson, Gunnar & Johansson, Dan & Taymaz, Erol, 2004. "Simulating the New Economy," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 15(3), pages 289-314, September.
    3. Fridh, Ann-Charlotte, 2003. "Titanium Implants – A Comparison of a Swedish and an Ohio Firm," Ratio Working Papers 21, The Ratio Institute.
    4. Eliasson, Gunnar, 2004. "Making Regional Competence Blocs Attractive - On the Critical Role of Entrepreneurship and Firm Turnover in Regional Economic Growth," Ratio Working Papers 45, The Ratio Institute.
    5. Eliasson, Gunnar, 2005. "The nature of economic change and management in a new knowledge based information economy," Information Economics and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 17(4), pages 428-456, October.
    6. Carlsson, Bo, 2004. "The Digital Economy: what is new and what is not?," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 15(3), pages 245-264, September.
    7. Gunnar Eliasson, 2011. "Advanced purchasing, spillovers and innovative discovery," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 21(1), pages 121-139, February.
    8. Eliasson, Gunnar & Eliasson, Åsa, 2004. "The Theory of the Firm and the Markets for Strategic Acquisitions," Ratio Working Papers 44, The Ratio Institute.

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