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Attaining and Maintaining Self-sufficiency in Wheat Production: Institutional Efforts and Farmers’ Limitations


Author Info

  • Umar Farooq

    (Agricultural Economics Research Unit of PARC at AARI, Faisalabad.)

  • Muhammad Iqbal

    (Agricultural Economics Research Unit of PARC at AARI, Faisalabad.)


Becoming an economically prosperous state is the ultimate goal of all economic policies of Pakistan. Being an agricultural country, this calls for more realistic measures towards increasing agricultural production and exports with a simultaneous decrease in imports. The agricultural sector of Pakistan has the primary responsibility of producing enough food for its ever-growing population. Wheat, being the staple food, is the most important crop from food-security perspectives. It is also the largest grain crop in terms of acreage, constituting about 75 percent of total food grain production and is grown under almost every crop rotation. Pakistan imports wheat quite regularly because its domestic production has remained short of demand. Pakistan’s present requirement of wheat is more than 20 million tonnes,1 of which, 18.05 million tonnes was produced within the country during 1998-99 and the rest was imported [Pakistan (1999)]. By the year 2020, annual wheat imports alone are projected to be 15 million tonnes costing US$ 2 billion (at 1990 dollar exchange rate) per annum [PARC (1996)]. Thank God, during rabi 1999-2000, national wheat production exceeded domestic demand.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Pakistan Institute of Development Economics in its journal The Pakistan Development Review.

Volume (Year): 39 (2000)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 487-514

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Handle: RePEc:pid:journl:v:39:y:2000:i:4:p:487-514

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Cited by:
  1. Muhammad Iqbal & M. Azeem Khan & Munir Ahmad, 2002. "Adoption of Recommended Varieties: A Farm-level Analysis of Wheat Growers in Irrigated Punjab," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 41(1), pages 29-48.
  2. Abedullah & Mubarak Ali, 2001. "Wheat Self-sufficiency in Different Policy Scenarios and Their Likely Impacts on Producers, Consumers, and the Public Exchequer," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 40(3), pages 203-223.


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