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Tax Incidence by Income Classes in Pakistan

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  • Muhammad Hussain Malik

    (Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Islamabad.)

  • Najam Us Saqib

    (Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Islamabad.)

Abstract

In this study an attempt has been made to estimate the incidence of federal taxes, for the fiscal year 1978-79, on households belonging to different income-brackets. All the major direct and indirect taxes have been studied. The tax system turns out to be slightly progressive for the country as a whole. For urban areas, it is slightly progressive, and for rural areas it is slightly regressive. Indirect taxes, a major source of the federal government tax revenue, are generally slightly regressive.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Pakistan Institute of Development Economics in its journal The Pakistan Development Review.

Volume (Year): 28 (1989)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 13-26

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Handle: RePEc:pid:journl:v:28:y:1989:i:1:p:13-26

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Cited by:
  1. Engel, Eduardo M. R. A. & Galetovic, Alexander & Raddatz, Claudio E., 1999. "Taxes and income distribution in Chile: some unpleasant redistributive arithmetic," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(1), pages 155-192, June.
  2. Najam US Saqib, 1998. "A Critical Assessment of Free Public Schooling in Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 37(4), pages 955-976.
  3. Vaqar Ahmed & Cathal O'Donoghue, 2009. "Redistributive Effect of Personal Income Taxation in Pakistan," Working Papers 0143, National University of Ireland Galway, Department of Economics, revised 2009.
  4. Anwar Shah & John Whalley, 1990. "An Alternative View of Tax Incidence Analysis for Developing Countries," NBER Working Papers 3375, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Nasim Shah Shirazi & Muhammad Ilyas & Mehboob Ahmad, 2001. "Redistributive Effects of Fiscal Policy across the Income Groups in the Urban-Rural Areas of Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 40(4), pages 519-533.
  6. Najam us Saqib, 2004. "Willingness to Pay for Primary Education in Rural Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 43(1), pages 27-51.
  7. Rashid Amjad & A.R. Kemal, 1997. "Macroeconomic Policies and their Impact on Poverty Alleviation in Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 36(1), pages 39-68.
  8. Ngee-Choon Chia & Wahba, Sadek & Whalley, John, 1992. "A general equilibrium based social policy model for Cote d'Ivoire," Policy Research Working Paper Series 925, The World Bank.

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