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‘See First, Think Later, Then Test’: How Children's Perspectives Can Improve Economic Research

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  • Kate Orkin

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    (University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.)

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    Abstract

    Les économistes s’intéressent à de nombreux aspects de la vie des enfants. Les chercheurs dans le domaine des études de l’enfance reprochent souvent aux économistes de ne pas considérer les enfants comme des acteurs à part entière, malgré le fait qu’ils agissent, dans la limite de contraintes sociales, pour atteindre des résultats qu’ils se sont eux-même fixés. Ils soutiennent également que les économistes négligent d’employer des méthodes permettant d’appréhender le point de vue des enfants sur leur propre vie, bien qu’il ait été démontré que les adultes décrivent souvent le point de vue et les comportements des enfants dont ils ont la charge avec inexactitude. Les économistes prennent très peu en compte ces critiques. Je décris dans cet article une étude qualitative sur l’emploi du temps des enfants en Éthiopie rurale. Je cherche à montrer que dans cette étude, les points de vue des enfants, recueillis par des méthodes qualitatives, remettent en cause la théorie microéconomique actuelle et suggèrent des pistes afin de l’améliorer. Les résultats d’un travail qualitatif démontrent l’inexactitude de deux suppositions des modèles théoriques standards : les enfants ne peuvent pas prendre de décisions en ce qui concerne leur emploi du temps et les familles ont des préférences homogènes concernant le travail des enfants. Des études qualitatives ont aussi mis en lumière certains facteurs, non saisis par la théorie, qui selon les enfants et leurs parents influencent leurs choix.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Palgrave Macmillan in its journal European Journal of Development Research.

    Volume (Year): 23 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 5 (December)
    Pages: 774-791

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    Handle: RePEc:pal:eurjdr:v:23:y:2011:i:5:p:774-791

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    Cited by:
    1. Martina Kirchberger, 2014. "Preferences over Leisure and Consumption of Siblings and Intra-Household Allocation," Economics Series Working Papers 713, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.

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