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Testing the Neoclassical Theory of Economic Growth: Evidence from Chinese Provinces

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  • Li, Hong
  • Liu, Zinan
  • Rebelo, Ivonia
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    Abstract

    There has been renewed empirical work recently on testing the neoclassical model of economic growth using data on various groups of countries. But none of the cross-country regressions includes China, the largest developing economy in the world. This study utilises both cross-sectional and panel data on provinces of China over the reform period 1978-1995 to examine the extent to which the growth process in this country can be explained by the augmented Solow-Swan model. We found that in spite of restrictive assumptions used, the model provides a fairly good description of cross-sectional data. The levels and growth rates of GDP per capita are shown to be higher in regional economies with lower population growth, greater openness to foreign countries and more investment in physical and human capital. In addition, regional economies are shown to converge both conditionally and unconditionally over the reform period. However, the quantitative implications of the augmented Solow-Swan model are not borne out in panel data. Copyright 1998 by Kluwer Academic Publishers

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Springer in its journal Economics of Planning.

    Volume (Year): 31 (1998)
    Issue (Month): 2-3 ()
    Pages: 117-32

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    Handle: RePEc:kap:ecopln:v:31:y:1998:i:2-3:p:117-32

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    Web page: http://www.springerlink.com/link.asp?id=113294

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    Cited by:
    1. DOBSON, Steve & RAMLOGAN, Carlyn & STROBL, Eric, 2003. "Why do rates of convergence differ ? A meta-regression analysis," CORE Discussion Papers 2003020, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
    2. Marwah, Kanta & Tavakoli, Akbar, 2004. "The effect of foreign capital and imports on economic growth: further evidence from four Asian countries (1970-1998)," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(2), pages 399-413, April.
    3. Jones, Derek C. & Li, Cheng & Owen, Ann L., 2003. "Growth and regional inequality in China during the reform era," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 14(2), pages 186-200.
    4. Sylvie Demurger & Jeffrey D. Sachs & Wing Thye Woo & Shuming Bao & Gene Chang & Andrew Mellinger, 2002. "Geography, Economic Policy and Regional Development in China," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 1950, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
    5. Bulent Unel & Harm Zebregs, 2009. "The Dynamics of Provincial Growth in China: A Nonparametric Approach," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 56(2), pages 239-262, June.
    6. Françoise Lemoine & Grégoire Mayo & Sandra Poncet & Deniz Ünal, 2014. "The Geographic Pattern of China's Growth and Convergence within Industry," Working Papers 2014-04, CEPII research center.
    7. Esfandiar Maasoumi & Le Wang, 2008. "Economic Reform, Growth and Convergence in China," Econometrics Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 11(1), pages 128-154, 03.
    8. Gholami, Roghieh & Lee, Sang-Yong Tom & Heshmati, Almas, 2005. "The Causal Relationship between ICT and FDI," Working Paper Series RP2005/26, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    9. Jahangir Aziz & Christoph Duenwald, 2001. "China's Provincial Growth Dynamics," Development and Comp Systems 0012004, EconWPA.
    10. Sai Ding & John Knight, 2011. "Why has China Grown So Fast? The Role of Physical and Human Capital Formation," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 73(2), pages 141-174, 04.
    11. John Knight & Sai Ding, 2008. "Why has China Grown so Fast? The Role of Structural Change," Economics Series Working Papers 415, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    12. Hong Li, 2003. "Dynamics of Income Distribution across Chinese Provinces during 1978-98," Journal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 1(2), pages 145-157.

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