Works On Public Finance By The Sixteenth Century Muslim Scholars
AbstractThe subject of public finance and taxation marked the beginning of systematic and rather exclusive writing on economic issues in Islamic scholarship in its earliest period. Within a few centuries, a large number of works came out on the subject. This trend continued in the later centuries but with a difference in quantity, quality and style. Their number decreased, coverage contracted and they increasingly tended to deal with specific issues. Writings in the later centuries were characterized by imitation and repetition. In the sixteenth century the major works on the subject included the works of al-BalOEtunus¥ “Tahr¥r al-MaqOEl F¥ mOE Yahull wa Yahr´m min Bayt al-MOEl” and Ibn Nujaym’s “RisOElah fi’l-kharOEj” and “Fi Mas’alOEt al-JibOEyah wa’l-RatibOEt wa’l- Mu’sharOEt al-DiwOEniyyah.” From the Persian speaking East, Fadl-Allah Khunji discussed the Islamic provision of public finance in much detail in his work Sul´k al-Mul´k, a very comprehensive treatment of the subject in that period. In Safawid Iran the issue of kharOEj was a very controversial topic and centered on whether the acceptance of a stipend from kharOEj income was permissible for religious scholars.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by IIUM Journal of Economis and Management in its journal IIUM Journal of Economics and Management.
Volume (Year): 16 (2008)
Issue (Month): 1 (June)
Islamic public finance; KharOEj; Bayt al-MOEl;
Other versions of this item:
- Islahi, Abdul Azim, 2006. "Works on public finance by the sixteenth century Muslim scholars," MPRA Paper 18322, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 27 May 2007.
- N25 - Economic History - - Financial Markets and Institutions - - - Asia including Middle East
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