People, places and coronary heart disease risk factors: A multilevel analysis of the Scottish heart health study archive
AbstractThe Scottish Heart Health Study (SHHS), which recruited 5123 men and 5236 women between 1984 and 1986, was set up in part to investigate geographical variation in coronary heart disease in Scotland. Multilevel models are particularly appropriate for such hierarchical data, in which the individuals in the study can be represented by the lower level and the districts in which they live by the higher level. Multilevel models are presented for four coronary heart disease risk factors--diastolic blood pressure, cholesterol, alcohol consumption (defined both as units of alcohol consumed per week and as being a non-drinker) and smoking, for men and women separately. Significant district level variance was found for three out of the four variables studied, after controlling for socioeconomic and other variables considered at the level of the individual. These were for diastolic blood pressure, cholesterol and alcohol. Although the large majority of the variance was present at the individual level, the existence of significant variance at the district level is evidence that places may have a role in the distribution of coronary heart disease risk. Health policy aimed at reducing coronary heart disease should therefore consider the characteristics of places as well as individuals.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.
Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Elsevier in its journal Social Science & Medicine.
Volume (Year): 45 (1997)
Issue (Month): 6 (September)
Contact details of provider:
Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/315/description#description
You can help add them by filling out this form.
CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
- Denis Gerstorf & Nilam Ram & Jan Goebel & Jürgen Schupp & Ulman Lindenberger & Gert G. Wagner, 2010. "Where People Live and Die Makes a Difference: Individual and Geographic Disparities in Well-Being Progression at the End of Life," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 287, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Wendy Shamier).
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.