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Social and environmental factors and life expectancy, infant mortality, and maternal mortality rates: Results of a cross-national comparison

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  • Hertz, Erica
  • Hebert, James R.
  • Landon, Joan
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    Abstract

    Using data from United Nations sources we conducted an international comparison study of infant and maternal mortality rates and life expectancy at birth. We examined these three dependent variables in relation to a range of independent variables including dietary factors, medical resource availability, gross national product (GNP/capital), literacy rates, growth in the labor force, and provision of sanitation facilities and safe water. Based on exploratory stepwise regression models, we fitted a series of general linear models for each of the three dependent variables. For the models with the highest explanatory ability, the percent of households without sanitation facilities showed the strongest association with all three dependent variables: life expectancy at birth (R2 = 0.83, B = -0.088, P = 0.0007); infant mortality rate (R2 = 0.87, B = +0.611, P

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Social Science & Medicine.

    Volume (Year): 39 (1994)
    Issue (Month): 1 (July)
    Pages: 105-114

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:socmed:v:39:y:1994:i:1:p:105-114

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    Related research

    Keywords: international comparisons economic factors sanitation maternal mortality rate infant mortality rate life expectancy at birth;

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    Cited by:
    1. Hakobyan, Mihran & Mkrtchyan, Ararat & Yepiskoposyan, Levon, 2006. "Infant mortality in Armenia, 1992-2003," Economics & Human Biology, Elsevier, vol. 4(3), pages 351-358, December.
    2. Kanbur, Ravi & Pottebaum, David, 2002. "Civil War, Public Goods and the Social Wealth of Nations," CEPR Discussion Papers 3124, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. Tausch, Arno & Heshmati, Almas, 2011. "Migration, Openness and the Global Preconditions of 'Smart Development'," IZA Discussion Papers 6169, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    4. Arno Tausch & Almas Heshmati, 2013. "Worker remittances and the global preconditions of ‘smart development’," Society and Economy, Akadémiai Kiadó, Hungary, vol. 35(1), pages 25-50, April.
    5. Roll, Kathrin, 2012. "The influence of regional health care structures on delay in diagnosis of rare diseases: The case of Marfan Syndrome," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 105(2), pages 119-127.
    6. Casabonne, Ursula & Kenny, Charles, 2012. "The Best Things in Life are (Nearly) Free: Technology, Knowledge, and Global Health," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 21-35.
    7. Charles Kenny, 2009. "There's more to life than money: Exploring the levels|growth paradox in income and health," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 21(1), pages 24-41.
    8. Poudyal, Neelam C. & Hodges, Donald G. & Bowker, J.M. & Cordell, H.K., 2009. "Evaluating natural resource amenities in a human life expectancy production function," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 11(4), pages 253-259, July.

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