Sex differences in the psychological reactions of medical and surgical patients to crisis intervention counseling: Sauce for the goose may not be sauce for the gander
AbstractThe psychological reactions of 259 female and 130 male medical and surgical patients were examined. Both when they were discharged and when they were followed up 12 months later, women who received crisis intervention counseling during their hospitalisation showed the predicted psychological gains when compared with non-counseled women. They expressed fewer feelings of helplessness and more of competence in the short term and fewer feelings of anxiety and helplessness in the long term. Men showed some improvements in the short term but fewer in the long term when, although they later expressed more feelings of competence, there were also more of helplessness. Women and men also showed the predicted benefits of counseling similarly in fewer indirect expressions of anger on both occasions. They also showed less anxiety on discharge and fewer depressive feelings on follow-up. Explanations of the sex differences in terms of sex role stereotypes, the extent of each patient's crisis and possible methodological artefacts were considered.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Elsevier in its journal Social Science & Medicine.
Volume (Year): 20 (1985)
Issue (Month): 11 (January)
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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/315/description#description
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