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Foreland-based regionalization: Integrating intermediate hubs with port hinterlands


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  • Rodrigue, Jean-Paul
  • Notteboom, Theo


Development and changes in port hinterlands have received considerable attention as they represent substantial opportunities to improve the efficiency of global freight distributions. Port regionalization was a concept brought forward by Notteboom and Rodrigue (2005) to articulate the emerging port hinterland dynamics in light of containerization, supply chain management and the setting of inland terminals. This paper expands this concept by focusing on a particular dimension of the regionalization paradigm concerning the evolving role of intermediate hubs. It is argued that, in addition to hinterland-based regionalization, there is also a foreland-based regionalization where intermediate hubs capture a maritime hinterland. This intensity and viability of processes of foreland-based regionalization depend on multiple geographical, technical and market-related factors, and this paper identifies and analyzes these underlying parameters. By doing so, it assesses whether foreland-based regionalization is simply a transitional phase in port development or, alternatively, represents emerging functional characteristics of contemporary freight distributions.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Research in Transportation Economics.

Volume (Year): 27 (2010)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 19-29

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Handle: RePEc:eee:retrec:v:27:y:2010:i:1:p:19-29

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Keywords: Intermediate Hubs (Offshore) Liner Shipping Hinterland Foreland Regionalization Value-Added Logistics;


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  1. Theo E. Notteboom * & Jean-Paul Rodrigue, 2005. "Port regionalization: towards a new phase in port development," Maritime Policy & Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(3), pages 297-313, July.
  2. Jean-Paul Rodrigue & Theo Notteboom, 2009. "The terminalization of supply chains: reassessing the role of terminals in port/hinterland logistical relationships," Maritime Policy & Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(2), pages 165-183, April.
  3. Kjetil Fagerholt *, 2004. "Designing optimal routes in a liner shipping problem," Maritime Policy & Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 31(4), pages 259-268, October.
  4. Theo Notteboom & Jean-Paul Rodrigue, 2008. "Containerisation, Box Logistics and Global Supply Chains: The Integration of Ports and Liner Shipping Networks," Maritime Economics and Logistics, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 10(1-2), pages 152-174, March.
  5. Martijn R Van Der Horst & Peter W De Langen, 2008. "Coordination in Hinterland Transport Chains: A Major Challenge for the Seaport Community," Maritime Economics and Logistics, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 10(1-2), pages 108-129, March.
  6. Theo E. Notteboom & Willy Winkelmans, 2001. "Structural changes in logistics: how will port authorities face the challenge?," Maritime Policy & Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 28(1), pages 71-89, January.
  7. Sidney Gilman, 1999. "The Size Economies and Network Efficiency of Large Containerships," Maritime Economics and Logistics, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 1(1), pages 39-59, September.
  8. T C Lirn & H A Thanopoulou & M J Beynon & A K C Beresford, 2004. "An Application of AHP on Transhipment Port Selection: A Global Perspective," Maritime Economics and Logistics, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 6(1), pages 70-91, March.
  9. Bart W. Wiegmans & Anthony Van Der Hoest & Theo E. Notteboom, 2008. "Port and terminal selection by deep-sea container operators," Maritime Policy & Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(6), pages 517-534, December.
  10. Robert McCalla * & Brian Slack & Claude Comtois, 2005. "The Caribbean basin: adjusting to global trends in containerization," Maritime Policy & Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(3), pages 245-261, July.
  11. Chang, Young-Tae & Lee, Sang-Yoon & Tongzon, Jose L., 2008. "Port selection factors by shipping lines: Different perspectives between trunk liners and feeder service providers," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(6), pages 877-885, November.
  12. Koi Yu (Adolf) Ng, 2006. "Assessing the Attractiveness of Ports in the North European Container Transhipment Market: An Agenda for Future Research in Port Competition," Maritime Economics and Logistics, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 8(3), pages 234-250, September.
  13. Ross Robinson, 1998. "Asian hub/feeder nets: the dynamics of restructuring," Maritime Policy & Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 25(1), pages 21-40, January.
  14. Emmanuel Guy, 2003. "Shipping line networks and the integration of South America trades," Maritime Policy & Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(3), pages 231-242, July.
  15. R Aversa & R C Botter & H E Haralambides & H T Y Yoshizaki, 2005. "A Mixed Integer Programming Model on the Location of a Hub Port in the East Coast of South America," Maritime Economics and Logistics, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 7(1), pages 1-18, March.
  16. Theo E Notteboom, 2009. "Complementarity and substitutability among adjacent gateway ports," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 41(3), pages 743-762, March.
  17. Josip Zohil & Majda Prijon, 1999. "The MED rule: the interdependence of container throughput and transhipment volumes in the Mediterranean ports," Maritime Policy & Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 26(2), pages 175-193, April.
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Cited by:
  1. Thomas Vanoutrive, 2011. "Automatically generated port hinterlands," ERSA conference papers ersa11p560, European Regional Science Association.
  2. Pallis, Athanasios A. & de Langen, Peter W., 2010. "Seaports and the structural implications of the economic crisis," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(1), pages 10-18.
  3. Woxenius, Johan, 2012. "Directness as a key performance indicator for freight transport chains," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 63-72.
  4. Lättilä, Lauri & Henttu, Ville & Hilmola, Olli-Pekka, 2013. "Hinterland operations of sea ports do matter: Dry port usage effects on transportation costs and CO2 emissions," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 23-42.
  5. Flämig, Heike & Hesse, Markus, 2011. "Placing dryports. Port regionalization as a planning challenge – The case of Hamburg, Germany, and the Süderelbe," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(1), pages 42-50.


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