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Guido Calabresi's economic analysis of law, Coase and the Coase theorem

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  • Marciano, Alain

Abstract

Calabresi and Coase, two of the founding fathers of the “law and economics” movement are frequently, and paradoxically, put on the same footing for having put forward the same results. The purpose of this paper is to investigate this proximity by analyzing Calabresi's works published in the 1960s. The argument we develop is that differences, and similarities, are deeper than what is usually assumed. First, methodologically, it can be said that Calabresi envisaged an economic analysis of liability rules while Coase adopted a law and economics perspective. Then, analytically, it can be shown that Calabresi proposed an “invariance” thesis. We compare it to Coase's results and to Stigler's Coase theorem and show that the “invariance” thesis can indeed be found in Coase's “The Problem of Social Cost” but was absent from Stigler's version of the Coase theorem—that was restricted to an “efficiency” thesis. We also show that Calabresi moved from the “invariance” to the “efficiency” thesis when he established a “Coase axiom”. However, Calabresi, just like Coase and Stigler, but for different reasons, believed that the axiom is theoretically valid but “in fact inaccurate”.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal International Review of Law and Economics.

Volume (Year): 32 (2012)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 110-118

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Handle: RePEc:eee:irlaec:v:32:y:2012:i:1:p:110-118

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/irle

Related research

Keywords: Calabresi; Economic analysis of law; Coase theorem; Invariance; Problem of social cost; Stigler;

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  1. Alain Marciano & Sophie Harnay, 2008. "Posner, Economics and the Law: from Law and Economics to an Economic Analysis of Law," ICER Working Papers 09-2008, ICER - International Centre for Economic Research.
  2. Coase, R H, 1988. "The Nature of the Firm: Influence," Journal of Law, Economics and Organization, Oxford University Press, vol. 4(1), pages 33-47, Spring.
  3. Sophie Harnay & Alain Marciano, 2009. "Should I help my neighbor? Self-interest, altruism and economic analyses of rescue laws," European Journal of Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 28(2), pages 103-131, October.
  4. Coase, R H, 1996. "Law and Economics and A. W. Brian Simpson," The Journal of Legal Studies, University of Chicago Press, vol. 25(1), pages 103-19, January.
  5. Regan, Donald H, 1972. "The Problem of Social Cost Revisited," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 15(2), pages 427-37, October.
  6. Borcherding, Thomas E, 1970. "Liability in Law and Economics: Note," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 60(5), pages 946-48, December.
  7. Steven Medema, 2011. "A case of mistaken identity: George Stigler, “The Problem of Social Cost,” and the Coase theorem," European Journal of Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 31(1), pages 11-38, February.
  8. Elodie Bertrand, 2006. "The Coasean analysis of lighthouse financing: myths and realities," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 30(3), pages 389-402, May.
  9. Mumey, G A, 1971. "The 'Coase Theorem': A Reexamination," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 85(4), pages 718-23, November.
  10. Coase, R H, 1993. "Law and Economics at Chicago," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 36(1), pages 239-54, April.
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