Integrated energy system for industrial complexes. Part I: A linear programming approach
AbstractA personal-computer based model of an Integrated Energy System for Industrial Estates (IESIE) has been developed as a pre-feasibility tool: it addresses the total energy concept by combining a set of CHP plant(s), boilers, vapor-compression and absorption chillers, national grid and utility transportation system. The core of the general model is the linear programming (LP) model which takes into account the changing demand-pattern of various loads and their tariffs, standby charge of electricity, unit fuel price, equipment costs, land cost, depreciation, O & M expenses, interest rate, taxes, etc. The output of the LP model yields the minimum total operating cost, optimal sizes of the equipment and their respective operational schedules. The hot utility and cold utility transportation model estimates the economic-minimum pipe size, considering installation cost, heat loss/gain cost and pumping cost. The heat balance model finds the thermal cycle equipment sizes as well as the variation of the heat-to-power ratio with load. Finally the economic model does the cash-flow analysis to determing whether the project will yield a required rate-of-return to be economically viable. Simulations have been done using the model considering a number of sample load patterns with the prevailing cost factors in India. An after tax IRR of 20% was found for sites having load factors greater than 0Â·6, and up to 10 km utility transportation distance.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Elsevier in its journal Applied Energy.
Volume (Year): 46 (1993)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/405891/description#description
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- Jebaraj, S. & Iniyan, S., 2006. "A review of energy models," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 10(4), pages 281-311, August.
- Mohanty, Brahmanand & Panda, Haribandhu, 1995. "Integrated energy system for industrial complexes. Part II. A case study using the LP model," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 51(1), pages 19-38.
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