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Electricity Consumption and Economic Growth: Trivariate investigation in Botswana with Capital Formation


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  • Sakiru Adebola Solarin

    (Universiti Utara, Malaysia)

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    This study investigates the relationship between electricity consumption and real gross domestic product in Botswana (the world’s largest producer of diamonds). The study includes capital formation in a trivariate system for the period covering 1980-2008. Zivot and Andrews (1992) unit roots test; bound test for cointegration, and Granger causality test are employed. Unidirectional causality is found from electricity consumption to real gross domestic product is in line with study of Altinay and Karagol (2005) among others. The long run estimate reinforce the Granger causality tests by indicating that electricity consumption is positively associated with real gross domestic product in the long run. Further findings suggest unidirectional causality from capital formation to real gross domestic product. The implication is that Botswana- being a highly energy dependent country- will have the performance of its capital formation on the economy partly determined by adequate electricity.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Econjournals in its journal International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy.

    Volume (Year): 1 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 2 (September)
    Pages: 32-46

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    Handle: RePEc:eco:journ2:2011-02-1

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    Keywords: Economic growth; Electricity consumption; Bound test; Causality; Structural break; Botswana;

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    Cited by:
    1. Saleheen, Khan & Farooq Ahmed, Jam & Muhammad, Shahbaz, 2012. "Electricity Consumption and Economic Growth in Kazakhstan: Fresh Evidence from a Multivariate Framework Analysis," MPRA Paper 43460, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 20 Dec 2012.
    2. Muhammad, Shahbaz, 2011. "Electricity Consumption, Financial Development and Economic Growth Nexus: A Revisit Study of Their Causality in Pakistan," MPRA Paper 35588, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 27 Dec 2011.
    3. Solarin, Sakiru Adebola & Shahbaz, Muhammad, 2013. "Trivariate causality between economic growth, urbanisation and electricity consumption in Angola: Cointegration and causality analysis," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 876-884.
    4. Hamdi, Helmi & Sbia, Rashid & Shahbaz, Muhammad, 2013. "The Nexus between Electricity Consumption and Economic Growth in Bahrain," MPRA Paper 48472, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 19 Jul 2013.
    5. Maria Pempetzoglou, 2014. "Electricity Consumption and Economic Growth: A Linear and Nonlinear Causality Investigation for Turkey," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 4(2), pages 263-273.


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