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An instrumental variable model of multiple discrete choice

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  • Andrew Chesher
  • Adam M. Rosen
  • Konrad Smolinski

Abstract

This paper studies identification of latent utility functions in multiple discrete choice models in which there may be endogenous explanatory variables, that is explanatory variables that are not restricted to be distributed independently of the unobserved determinants of latent utilities. The model does not employ large support, special regressor or control function restrictions, indeed it is silent about the process delivering values of endogenous explanatory variables and in this respect it is incomplete. Instead the model employs instrumental variable restrictions requiring the existence of instrumental variables which are excluded from latent utilities and distributed independently of the unobserved components of utilities. We show that the model delivers set, not point, identification of the latent utility functions and we characterize sharp bounds on those functions. We develop easy-to-compute outer regions which in parametric models require little more calculation than what is involved in a conventional maximum likelihood analysis. The results are illustrated using a model which is essentially the parametric conditional logit model of McFadden (1974) but with potentially endogenous explanatory variables and instrumental variable restrictions. The method employed has wide applicability and for the first time brings instrumental variable methods to bear on structural models in which there are multiple unobservables in a structural equation.

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.3982/QE240
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Econometric Society in its journal Quantitative Economics.

Volume (Year): 4 (2013)
Issue (Month): 2 (07)
Pages: 157-196

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Handle: RePEc:ecm:quante:v:4:y:2013:i:2:p:157-196

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References

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  1. Lewbel, Arthur, 2000. "Semiparametric qualitative response model estimation with unknown heteroscedasticity or instrumental variables," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 97(1), pages 145-177, July.
  2. Adam Rosen, 2006. "Confidence sets for partially identified parameters that satisfy a finite number of moment inequalities," CeMMAP working papers CWP25/06, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  3. Canay, Ivan A., 2010. "EL inference for partially identified models: Large deviations optimality and bootstrap validity," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 156(2), pages 408-425, June.
  4. Beresteanu, Arie & Molinari, Francesca, 2006. "Asymptotic Properties for a Class of Partially Identified Models," Working Papers 06-07, Cornell University, Center for Analytic Economics.
  5. Victor Chernozhukov & Sokbae 'Simon' Lee & Adam Rosen, 2009. "Intersection Bounds: estimation and inference," CeMMAP working papers CWP19/09, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  6. Jeremy T. Fox & Amit Gandhi, 2009. "Identifying Heterogeneity in Economic Choice Models," NBER Working Papers 15147, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Matzkin, Rosa L., 1993. "Nonparametric identification and estimation of polychotomous choice models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 58(1-2), pages 137-168, July.
  8. Victor Chernozhukov & Han Hong & Elie Tamer, 2007. "Estimation and Confidence Regions for Parameter Sets in Econometric Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 75(5), pages 1243-1284, 09.
  9. Ivar Ekeland & Alfred Galichon & Marc Henry, 2010. "Optimal transportation and the falsifiability of incompletely specified economic models," Economic Theory, Springer, vol. 42(2), pages 355-374, February.
  10. Ruud H. Koning & Geert Ridder, 2003. "Discrete choice and stochastic utility maximization," Econometrics Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 6(1), pages 1-27, 06.
  11. Arie Beresteanu & Ilya Molchanov & Francesca Molinari, 2011. "Sharp Identification Regions in Models With Convex Moment Predictions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 79(6), pages 1785-1821, November.
  12. Pierre-Andre Chiappori & Ivana Komunjer & Dennis Kristensen, 2011. "Nonparametric Identification and Estimation of Transformation Models," CAM Working Papers 2011-01, University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics. Centre for Applied Microeconometrics.
  13. Federico A. Bugni, 2010. "Bootstrap Inference in Partially Identified Models Defined by Moment Inequalities: Coverage of the Identified Set," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 78(2), pages 735-753, 03.
  14. Galichon, Alfred & Henry, Marc, 2009. "A test of non-identifying restrictions and confidence regions for partially identified parameters," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 152(2), pages 186-196, October.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Victor Chernozhukov & Christian Hansen, 2013. "Quantile models with endogeneity," CeMMAP working papers CWP25/13, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  2. Chesher, Andrew, 2013. "Semiparametric Structural Models Of Binary Response: Shape Restrictions And Partial Identification," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 29(02), pages 231-266, April.
  3. Andrew Chesher & Adam Rosen, 2012. "Simultaneous equations for discrete outcomes:coherence, completeness, and identification," CeMMAP working papers CWP21/12, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  4. Andrew Chesher & Adam Rosen, 2012. "An instrumental variable random coefficients model for binary outcomes," CeMMAP working papers CWP34/12, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  5. Victor Chernozhukov & Denis Chetverikov & Kengo Kato, 2013. "Testing many moment inequalities," CeMMAP working papers CWP65/13, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  6. Laffers, Lukas, 2013. "Identification in Models with Discrete Variables," Discussion Paper Series in Economics 1/2013, Department of Economics, Norwegian School of Economics.
  7. Marc Henry & Ismael Mourifié, 2012. "Sharp Bounds in the Binary Roy Model," CIRANO Working Papers 2012s-06, CIRANO.

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