The impact of trade liberalization on women's job opportunities and earnings in developing countries
AbstractThis paper analyses how trade affects women s job opportunities and earnings through five case studies: Mauritius, Mexico, Peru, the Philippines and Sri Lanka. Women s share of the labour force has increased over time and the wage gap between men and women has narrowed. A positive and statistically significant correlation between exports and women s share of employment is found while there is a statistically significant and negative correlation between women s share in employment and imports. The correlations stem from variation between sectors rather than within sectors over time, indicating that export-competing industries tend to employ women while import-competing industries tend to employ men. Trade liberalization is likely to create jobs for women and over time increase their relative wages.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Cambridge University Press in its journal World Trade Review.
Volume (Year): 2 (2003)
Issue (Month): 02 (July)
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- Dammert, Ana & Ural Marchand, Beyza & Wan, Chi, 2013.
"Gender Wage-Productivity Differentials and Global Integration in China,"
2013-1, University of Alberta, Department of Economics.
- Dammert, Ana C. & Ural Marchand, Beyza & Wan, Chi, 2013. "Gender Wage-Productivity Differentials and Global Integration in China," IZA Discussion Papers 7159, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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