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Showing Ideas as Causes: The Origins of the European Union

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  • Parsons, Craig
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    Abstract

    Why does Western Europe, with its quasi-federal European Union (EU),have international institutions that are so much more developed thanthose in other regions? Scholars give two main answers. For structuralists like Andrew Moravcsik and Alan Milward, the EU respondedto objective structural imperatives. International interdependence wasparticularly acute in postwar Europe, so governments built particularlystrong institutions to meet policy challenges. For institutionalists in the tradition of Ernst Haas, structural imperatives may have driveninitial postwar institution building, but subsequent steps were heavilypath-dependent. Once some power was delegated to supranational agentsin the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) in 1952, those agentscrafted new projects and mobilized coalitions to extend supranationalinstitutions. From this spillover arose the broader European EconomicCommunity (EEC) in 1958 the direct foundation of today s EU and itslater development.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Cambridge University Press in its journal International Organization.

    Volume (Year): 56 (2002)
    Issue (Month): 01 (December)
    Pages: 47-84

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    Handle: RePEc:cup:intorg:v:56:y:2002:i:01:p:47-84_44

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    Cited by:
    1. Daniel BĂ©land & John Myles, 2008. "Policy Change in the Canadian Welfare State: Comparing the Canada Pension Plan and Unemployment Insurance," Social and Economic Dimensions of an Aging Population Research Papers 235, McMaster University.
    2. Parsons, Craig & Richardson, J. David, 2004. "Lessons for Asia?: European experiences--in American perspective--in legitimizing market integration," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(6), pages 885-907, January.
    3. Eichengreen, Barry, 2002. "Lessons of the Euro for the Rest of the World," Institute of European Studies, Working Paper Series qt16g425jb, Institute of European Studies, UC Berkeley.

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