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El papel de la Universidad en el desarrollo y la innovación tecnológica: la experiencia catalana (Relación Universidad-Empresa-Gobierno)


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  • Dolly Yazmín Camacho Corredor


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    Este trabajo busca proporcionar algunos elementos que permitan valorar una de las facetas de la contribución de la Universidad a su nueva misión, aquella orientada al desarrollo tecnológico y, como consecuencia, al desarrollo económico. En la primera parte se plantea que la nueva misión de la Universidad, además de las funciones clásicas referidas a la formación de recurso humano y difusión del conocimiento, debe desarrollar funciones de investigación científica y constituirse, en el ámbito local y regional en un agente de desarrollo tecnológico, económico, social y cultural. En esta parte se presenta el modelo de Triple Hélice que consiste en una red de relaciones entre Universidad-empresa-gobierno como una de las claves de desarrollo basado en el conocimiento. En la segunda parte se hace énfasis en la relación Universidad-empresa y su contribución a la innovación tecnológica de las regiones. El tercer punto plantea algunas experiencias de desarrollo empresarial a partir de la Universidad Catalana*17. Finalmente se dan algunas reflexiones acerca de la relaci ón Universidad-Empresa-Estado en Colombia. ________ ABSTRACT This work provides the reader with some elements to value one of facets of the university contribution to the new mission directed to the technological and economic development. In the first part, it is stated that the new mission of the university, besides its classical function related to human resource formation and knowledge spread, it must develop scientific research functions and constitute by itself in agent of technological, economical, social and cultural development in the local and regional ambit. This work presents the �triple helix� model as a relation net among university�enterprise-government, as a development key based on knowledge. The second part, has specifically to do with the interaction among university-enterprise to contribute with technological innovations to the regions. The third part states some experiences of enterprise development starting from the Spanish university. Finally, some reflections are give about the relation between university-enterprise-government in Colombia.

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    Volume (Year): (2003)
    Issue (Month): ()

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    Handle: RePEc:col:000152:009743

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    1. Zvi Griliches, 1998. "Patent Statistics as Economic Indicators: A Survey," NBER Chapters, in: R&D and Productivity: The Econometric Evidence, pages 287-343 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Bronwyn H. Hall, Albert N. Link and John T. Scott., 2000. "Universities as Research Partners," Economics Working Papers E00-276, University of California at Berkeley.
    3. Etzkowitz, Henry & Leydesdorff, Loet, 2000. "The dynamics of innovation: from National Systems and "Mode 2" to a Triple Helix of university-industry-government relations," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 109-123, February.
    4. Schartinger, Doris & Rammer, Christian & Fischer, Manfred M. & Frohlich, Josef, 2002. "Knowledge interactions between universities and industry in Austria: sectoral patterns and determinants," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 303-328, March.
    5. repec:fth:harver:1473 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Pavitt, Keith, 1998. "The social shaping of the national science base," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 27(8), pages 793-805, December.
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