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Fuite des cerveaux européens : que nous disent les statistiques américaines ?

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  • Ahmed Tritah

Abstract

Des inquiétudes s’expriment fréquemment en Europe quant au risque d’une “fuite des cerveaux” vers l’étranger, en particulier vers les États-Unis. Les données des recensements américains de 1980 à 2006 nous permettent d’observer le phénomène, en distinguant les cohortes successives de migrants originaires des différents pays européens. Globalement, l’expatriation européenne augmente, mais reste faible. Cependant, l’émigration est sélective. La population qui s’expatrie est particulièrement instruite et cette sélectivité est plus élevée pour les cohortes d’émigrants les plus récentes. De plus, ces cohortes comportent une proportion plus importante que les précédentes, d’ingénieurs, de chercheurs et d’universitaires, dont les qualifications correspondent aux activités d’innovation visées par la Stratégie de Lisbonne. C’est cette qualité croissante des expatriés qui doit alerter.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by CEPII research center in its journal La Lettre du CEPII.

Volume (Year): (2008)
Issue (Month): 278 ()
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:cii:cepill:2008-278

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Cited by:
  1. Rafal Kierzenkowski, 2009. "The Challenge of Restoring French Competitiveness," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 720, OECD Publishing.

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