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The economic impacts of the foreign direct investments: panel estimation by sectors on the case of Macedonian economy

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Author Info

  • Aneta Krstevska

    ()
    (Chief Economist at the National Bank of the Republic of Macedonia)

  • Magdalena Petrovska

    ()
    (Analyst at the Research Department of the National Bank of the Republic of Macedonia)

Abstract

This paper elaborates economic impacts of foreign direct investments (FDI) on the case of Macedonian economy. Most developing countries consider FDI a vital source for their development. Anyway, it is quite difficult to measure the economic effects of FDI on the host country, having in mind their numerous direct and indirect effects. Besides the amount of FDI inflows, economic benefit will also depend on their structure. Based on a panel regression technique, FDI impact on GDP, export and employment on the case of Macedonian economy have been estimated, taking into account their structural dimension. The main conclusion of the analysis is that FDI inflows were an important factor for GDP growth and export performances of the Macedonian economy. On the other hand, the FDI impact over employment is negative mainly due to the low level of green field investments and non attractiveness of the labour intensive industry for the foreign investors. These findings regarding the type and sector distribution of FDI inflows are very important for the policy makers and imply a need for a strategic approach in this field.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Central bank of Montenegro in its journal Journal of Central banking Theory and Practice.

Volume (Year): 1 (2012)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 55-73

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Handle: RePEc:cbk:journl:v:1:y:2012:i:2:p:55-73

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Keywords: foreign direct investments; tradable sector; non tradable sector; economic growth; export; employment;

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  1. Goran Vuksic, 2005. "Impact of foreign direct investment on Croatian manufacturing exports," Financial Theory and Practice, Institute of Public Finance, vol. 29(2), pages 131-158.
  2. Anton Jevcak & Ralph Setzer & Massimo Suardi, 2010. "Determinants of Capital Flows to the New EU Member States Before and During the Financial Crisis," European Economy - Economic Papers 425, Directorate General Economic and Monetary Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
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