The brain drain: a review of theory and facts
AbstractSkilled migration has increased in recent years, often stimulated by the explicit use of targeted visa programmes by developed countries. This paper examines the available analytical and empirical literature on the brain drain to try and understand better whether skille migration from developing countries must always be harmful to the country of origin. We show that early generation models – mostly dating to the 1970s – found that such migration would be harmful, mostly though the impact on wages and employment, as well as through fiscal costs. A more recent literature has argued that a beneficial brain drain can arise if migration has educational externatilities. As human capital rises, growth will also be positively affected. However, we show that if screening is applied such benefits may disappear or become smaller. Recent empirical work on the health and software sectors provides some contrasting evidence.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles in its journal Brussels economic review.
Volume (Year): 47 (2004)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
skilled migration; educational externalities; growth;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
- I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
- J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
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- Docquier, Frederic & Marfouk, Abdeslam, 2004. "Measuring the international mobility of skilled workers (1990-2000) : release 1.0," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3381, The World Bank.
- Docquier, Frederic & Lowell, B. Lindsay & Marfouk, Abdeslam, 2008.
"A gendered assessment of the brain drain,"
Policy Research Working Paper Series
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- Docquier, Frédéric & Lowell, B. Lindsay & Marfouk, Abdeslam, 2007. "A Gendered Assessment of the Brain Drain," IZA Discussion Papers 3235, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Daniela Federici & Marilena Giannetti, 2008.
"Temporary migration and foreign direct investment,"
2008-03, Universita' di Cassino, Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche.
- Frederic, DOCQUIER & Olivier, LOHEST & Abdeslam, MARFOUK, 2007.
"Brain drain in developing countries,"
Discussion Papers (ECON - DÃ©partement des Sciences Economiques)
2007004, Université catholique de Louvain, Département des Sciences Economiques.
- Docquier, Frédéric & Lohest, Olivier & Marfouk, Abdeslam, 2005. "Brain Drain in Developing Regions (1990-2000)," IZA Discussion Papers 1668, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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